A study with more than 3,300 participants in 12 countries has established a relationship between occupational exposure to biological dusts, gases, fumes and pesticides and COPD. The researchers did a follow-up of the participants 20 years after the first assessment.
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An Eye inflammation and uveal effusion develop among patients taking anti-cancer immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. New immunotherapy treatments offer a remarkable chance for survival for patients with advanced melanoma and hard-to-treat cancers of the bladder, kidney, and lung. Patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors developed uveal effusions and eye inflammation that affected their vision. The study was published in JAMA Ophthalmology
Researchers at Columbia University with colleagues at the International Rescue Committee and 27 humanitarian organizations and agencies developed a toolkit to address the menstruation-related needs of girls and women fleeing disaster or conflict.
While it's well known that HIV is transmitted sexually, how the virus crosses genital mucus membranes to reach its targets in the immune system is less well understood. Previous research has looked at biochemical measurements or morphology at various points during HIV transmission to investigate this process, but in a study published in the journal Cell Reports, researchers in France constructed an in vitro model of urethral mucosa in order to view it from start to finish.
According to a new study from the University of Illinois, the way walnuts impact the gut microbiome the collection of trillions of microbes or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract may be behind some of those health benefits.
A study confirms that the Pib2 complex directly bound to glutamine in yeast cells, which activated a signaling pathway for cell growth by suspending autophagy. The human body consists of about 35 trillion cells, so it could be said that overall body growth is the growth of individual cells. One essential nutrient for cells is amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. The presence or absence of amino acids regulates cell growth.
For people who have hypertension and certain other conditions, eating too much salt raises blood pressure and increases the likelihood of heart complications. To help monitor salt intake, researchers have developed a flexible and stretchable wireless sensing system designed to be comfortably worn in the mouth to measure the amount of sodium a person consumes.
Researcher exempts that temporary hearing loss after a concert may be more likely in people who drink, use drugs and avoid earplugs. Researchers studied 51 people at an outdoor music festival in Amsterdam, asking half of them to wear earplugs. All but two of the participants drank alcohol during the show, and 11 of them, or 22%, reported drug use. The acquired hearing loss has become much more common in recent decades. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.
Short- and long-term mortality goes up after liberal use of supplemental oxygen, compared with a more conservative oxygen delivery approach, in patients with any of a range of acute illnesses, a meta-analysis of randomized trials shows.
Surgery to repair so-called pelvic floor disorder often fails within five years but many women still say the procedure improved their quality of life, a new study finds. The disorder often develops after bearing children and getting older.
A study estimates that the world's worst humanitarian crisis risks a resurgence of cholera that could infect millions as the rainy season advances. Health authorities should "immediately" boost measures to mitigate risk, an international team urged in The Lancet Global Health. These could include vaccination, distributing equipment for filtering and disinfecting water, and repairing crumbling sanitation infrastructure.