In a breakthrough that could one day help individuals with cognitive impairment, researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) identified a specific receptor related to the neurotransmitter serotonin that could be targeted with drugs to boost memory.
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Mycetoma, a neglected tropical disease, can cause severe disfigurement and disability if not treated early. A holistic, community-based approach to detection and case management is effective at boosting disease prognoses, researchers now report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
A study examines that the most common and potentially lethal complication following a heart attack is the heart's inability to do one of its most basic jobs: beat at a normal rate. Following myocardial infarction, heart muscle cells are replaced by fibroblasts and new blood vessels, which do not conduct electricity and leave the heart susceptible to ventricular tachycardia, an excessive heart rate that can result in sudden death. These non-heart cells disrupt the normal pattern of electrical conduction that is critical for effective pumping.
Smoking during pregnancy has well-documented negative effects on many health issues in infants. Researchers at the University at Buffalo Research Institute have found that prenatal marijuana use also can have consequences on infants' weight and behavior.
Non-communicable, chronic lung diseases are a major burden on health worldwide. About 80 million people suffer from COPD globally and a further 300 million are affected by asthma.
A new drug could ease the distress of men and women who suffer from baldness, according to researchers from The University of Manchester's Centre for Dermatology Research. The study of Prof Ralf Paus was published in journal PLOS Biology.
A researcher at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine has found that the use of stimulants, such as methamphetamine, can negatively affect the health of HIV-positive persons even when they are adhering to medical treatment.
Nearly 88% of online reviews of U.S. plastic surgeons who provide breast augmentation were found to be positive in a recent study, but that snapshot of customer satisfaction is not necessarily reliable, researchers say.
According to a study, researchers includes extended range of vision (ERV) intraocular lens (IOL) targeted to achieve micro-monovision shows superior range of visual acuity and independence from glasses compared to the monofocal IOL targeted to achieve emmetropia. This study is the first to compare the extended range of vision (ERV) intraocular lens (IOL) targeted at micro?monovision to a monofocal targeted at binocular emmetropia. The study was published in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.
A synthetic biology research team has combined technologies to develop a new biotech technique that promises to accelerate research into protein therapies.
Researchers have found that the type of brain cell afflicted dictates which pathological form of α-synuclein (α-syn) protein becomes the disease culprit. Different Parkinson's-related brain disorders, called synucleinopathies, are characterized by misfolded proteins embedded in cells. The study was published in Nature.