All news from Anaesthesiology

Improved Treatment For Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the third most common type of cancer in Germany and the disease affects both men and women. However, immunotherapies are successful in only 20% of cases. Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have now discovered a special mechanism that regulates tumor growth in lung cancer. This opens up new possibilities in the treatment of lung cancer patients. The results were published in the journal Oncoimmunology.

"Hair Cells" In The Inner Ear Leads To Hearing Loss

A new research shows that restoring hearing is not just about regenerating the lost outer hair cells. The loss of tiny cells in the inner ear, known as "hair cells," is a leading cause of hearing loss, a public health problem affecting at least one out of three people over the age of 65. Of the two varieties of hair cells, the "outer hair cells" act as micromotors that amplify incoming sound, and the "inner hair cells" act to sense and transmit information about the sound to the brain. The study was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Relationship Of SES To Brain Function And Anatomy In Adults

Research has shown that a developing child's brain structure and function can be adversely affected when the child is raised in an environment lacking adequate education, nutrition and access to health care. While the impact of such an environment on children is relatively well understood, a new study from The University of Texas at Dallas examines an effect that is not so clear the relationship of socioeconomic status(SES) to brain function and anatomy in adults. The study was publsihed in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Patients Received A Local Anesthetic Before Being Vertebroplasty

According to researchers factors aside from installation of polymethylmethacrylate might have accounted for the observed clinical improvement after vertebroplasty. Older patients with one to three recent painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures who had a vertebroplasty or a sham procedure reported similar pain relief over the following year. These results do not support percutaneous vertebroplasty as standard pain treatment in patients with acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. The study was published in BMJ.

Visualization Of Human Brain Tissue At The Microscopic Level

Researchers have made a breakthrough in the visualization of human brain tissue at the microscopic level. The study was published in Nature Communications. For understanding the brain function, scientists need to map the nerve cells (neurons) are wired to form circuitries in both healthy and disease states. Traditionally, this was accomplished by thinly slicing brain tissue and tracing the cut nerve fibers over many sections.