University of California San Diego Professor Susan Ackerman and her colleagues first highlighted this cause of brain disease more than 10 years ago. Now, probing deeper into this research, she and colleagues have identified a gene, Ankrd16, that prevents the protein aggregates they originally observed
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A new study by researchers from the University of Chicago Medicine shows that bacterial signals are crucial to the development of a precursor condition to leukemia, which can be induced by disrupting the intestinal barrier or by introducing a bacterial infection
Ibuprofen, given instead of antibiotics to women with uncomplicated urinary tract infection, (cystitis), leads to longer duration of symptoms and more serious adverse events related to the spread of the primary infection, according to a new study in PLOS Medicine by Ingvild Vik et al. from the University of Oslo, Norway.
Research led by the University of Southampton has shown increasing evidence that exposure to air pollution in early life has detrimental long-term health consequences
Whether the initiating time of radioiodine (RAI) therapy will affect the clinical outcome in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of RAI therapy initiating time in response to initial therapy in low– to intermediate–risk DTC
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Retacrit (epoetin alfa-epbx) as a biosimilar to Epogen/Procrit (epoetin alfa) for the treatment of anemia caused by chronic kidney disease, chemotherapy, or use of zidovudine in patients with HIV infection. Retacrit is also approved for use before and after surgery to reduce the chance that red blood cell transfusions will be needed because of blood loss during surgery.
Chikungunya virus is a growing threat to the United States and other regions of the world as the mosquito that carries the virus expands its reach. Telltale symptoms of chikungunya infection are fever and joint pain that lasts about a week. But in up to half of patients, the virus can cause a debilitating form of arthritis that persists for months or even years.
According to a study, researchers examined an algorithm can be used to model and print a three-dimensional (3-D) prosthesis of a human nose. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.To describe a novel computer algorithm for the creation of a 3-D model of a nose and to evaluate the similarity of appearance of the nasal p rosthesis with that of the individual’s nose.
Researchers have lab-tested a molecule that can combat the common cold virus by preventing it from hijacking human cells. Early lab-based tests with human cells have shown the molecule's ability to completely block multiple strains of the cold virus, and the team hope to move to animal and then human trials. The results of initial tests are published today in the journal Nature Chemistry.
A new study, conducted by the researchers from the University of Liverpool, published in JAMA Ophthalmology identifies the specific characteristics of Ebola retinal lesions, which provide further clues as to how the virus travels to the retina and causes damage
The ability to provide anaesthesia will be important given the expected risk of severe medical events requiring surgery. Knowledge and experience of such procedures during space missions is currently extremely limited. Future space exploration missions will take humans far beyond low Earth orbit and require complete crew autonomy. Austere and isolated environments have been used extensively as test beds for spaceflight to probe hazards and countermeasures for prospective space missions.
New research published in Addiction, conducted by researchers from the Universities of Liverpool and Sheffield, highlights the potential benefits of reducing the standard serving size of alcoholic beverages.