All news from Anaesthesiology

Most Of Emergency Rooms Are Not Treated For Mass Tragedies

Many ER doctors say their hospitals are not fully prepared for major disasters or mass tragedies. The finding, from a new poll by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), comes as the U.S. Congress considers major disaster preparedness legislation. ACEP questioned 1,328 emergency room doctors between April 25 and May 6 and painted what is saw as a chilling picture of unreadiness.

Finasteride: Risk of Prostate Cancer Death Not Increased

Twenty five years after it opened for enrollment, the landmark Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial has delivered a final verdict. Finasteride, a common hormone-blocking drug, reduces mens' risk of getting prostate cancer without increasing their risk of dying from the disease. Initial study findings suggested there may be a link between use of the drug and a more lethal form of prostate cancer, but long-term follow-up shows that is not true.

Assessment In Response To Ketamine Patients In A Palliative Care Unit

A study examines that to assess the response to ketamine in patients with difficult pain syndromes in a clinical setting of a supportive/palliative care unit (SPCU), where ketamine has been used for years to treat difficult pain conditions and reverse states of hyperexcitation. Ketamine in subanesthetic doses has been found to have analgesic effects. The analgesic effect of ketamine is likely to occur through its antagonism on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors.

Prevention Of Postoperative Pain During Mastectomy Using Regional Anesthesia

A study is compared to general anesthesia with or without SAM block + PECS I during radical mastectomy with axillary node dissection and breast reconstruction using evaluations of pain, opioid consumption, side effects and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, and IL-10. Surgery is the first-line treatment for early, localized, or operable breast cancer. Regional anesthesia during mastectomy may offer the prevention of postoperative pain.

Flu virus: Benefits of A high-fiber diet

Dietary fiber increases survival in influenza-infected mice by setting the immune system at a healthy level of responsiveness, according to a preclinical study published May 15th in the journal Immunity. A high-fiber diet blunts harmful, excessive immune responses in the lungs while boosting antiviral immunity by activating T cells.

These dual benefits were mediated by changes in the composition of gut bacteria, leading to an increase in the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) through the microbial fermentation of dietary fiber.