All news from Anaesthesiology

Amino Acid Mechanism Sensing By T-Box Riboswitch

A new study examines that a common but little-understood bacterial switch that cuts off protein production before it begins. A new discovery that points to potential new antibiotic medicines,  Many gram-positive bacteria use T-box riboswitches to regulate the production of proteins that utilize amino acids, the basic building blocks of all proteins. The study was published in Nature Communications.

 

Effectiveness of Single-tablet HIV treatment

HIV patients on a single-tablet daily regimen had better treatment retention and viral suppression than patients taking multiple pills, in a study by a Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center researcher and his colleagues.

The results were published in the Feb. 25, 2018, issue of AIDS Care.

Association Of Psychosis Risk With Both Behavioral And Striatal Dysfunction

Researchers found evidence that boosting how well people at risk for psychosis learn from positive and negative feedback could potentially keep psychosis at bay. Psychotic disorders often are severe and involve extreme symptoms such as delusions or hallucinations in which people lose their sense of reality. The team also found that brain scans using functional magnetic resonance imaging, coupled with behavioral measures, could provide markers for the diagnosis of psychosis risk. The study was published in the  Schizophrenia Bulletin. 

Health and Diagnostics: Digitalization with Advent of AI

Despite the fact that health in general globally is facing several challenges including antibiotic resistance, lack of accessible and affordable health care, rise of chronic and untreatable diseases such as dementia, there is a ray of hope in the advent of technology in healthcare.

Impairments Caused By Short Sleep Duration Without Extended Wakefullness

Researchers team has isolated the impacts of short sleep and extended wakefulness on vigilant performance. Millions of individuals obtain insufficient sleep on a daily basis, which can lead to impaired performance and other adverse physiological outcomes. To what extent these impairments are caused by the short sleep duration or corresponding extended wakefulness was unknown. The study was published in PNAS.

Medicaid Expansion linked to Reduction in ICU Utilization

A new study suggests that states that expanded their Medicaid programs under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) saw a decline in ICU utilization among patients hospitalized for conditions for which hospitalizations may have been prevented through early interventions. Medicaid expansion was also associated with an early adoption of insurance coverage among patients hospitalized with these conditions. The study was presented at the 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Practices For Nurse Facilitate Pediatric Otolaryngology To Caregivers

Researchers strategic use of advanced practice nurses to resolve patient triage issues can speed clinician response time to clinically-relevant phone calls in a high-volume pediatric otolaryngology practice. Over the course of 40 months, 4,839 clinically relevant phone calls were received, an average of 128 calls per month. The baseline mean was 101 monthly calls and the post-intervention mean was 130 calls. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery,

FDA Wants Teething Medicines Off shelves

Federal health officials warned parents Wednesday about the dangers of teething remedies that contain a popular numbing ingredient and asked manufacturers to stop selling their products intended for babies and toddlers

Ozone Exposure Linked to Childhood Athma, Findings

A long-term study of the health of Canadian children has found that exposure to ozone (O3), a common air pollutant, at birth was associated with an 82 percent increased risk of developing asthma by age three. The study, which was a 10-year follow-up to the 2006 Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (T-CHEQ), was presented at the 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference.