All news from Anaesthesiology

Efficacy of Canakinumab Confirmed

Recognition that three unrelated rare fever syndromes are all mediated by a single interleukin opened a new approach for controlling flares in the diseases.

A clinical trial including cohorts of patients who have colchicine-resistant familial Mediterranean fever (crFMF), mevalonate kinase deficiency, or the tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) confirmed that the interleukin 1β inhibitor canakinumab (Ilaris, Novartis) effectively controlled or prevented flares in all three diseases, researchers reported.

Mechanisms of Harmful Overhydration and Brain Swelling

For one, the excess fluid accumulation can lead to dangerously low sodium levels in the blood or hyponatremia—a life-threatening condition that can result in brain swelling. Similarly, more is known about the mechanisms in the body that detect and drive thirst while little is known about how the brain detects a state of overhydration

To Improve Imaging And Detection Of Melanoma Using Biopsies

According to a study, researcher improves the imaging and detection of melanoma using virtual biopsies, as the most deadly form of skin cancer, and the fifth most common cancer in the United States. A Researcher developed a virtual biopsy tool that could give physicians a view into the cellular structure of the skin, allowing them to perform molecular analyses to guide patient care without having to cut away living tissue. Researcher idea could represent a breakthrough in noninvasive in vivo imaging of melanin, the skin pigment that's made by cells called melanocytes, which can become cancerous.

New Couples Share A Risk Of Developing Diabetes

According to a new study, the researcher found a connection between the BMI of one spouse and the other spouse's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It can be a good idea to bring your spouse to a GP medical examination if you are obese. They have discovered that you can predict a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes based on his or her partner's BMI. This means that whether a person has a heightened risk or not on the basis of the partner's BMI. The study was published in the scientific journal Diabetologia.