All news from Anaesthesiology

Watch on the Balances in Blood

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) give rise to blood and immune cells, and are therefore essential for survival. The group of Manuela Baccarini at the Max F. Perutz Laboratories, a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, has now shown how intracellular signaling can safeguard this delicate balance between activation and dormancy. Their results are published in the prominent journal Cell Stem Cell.

Bit Of Exercise Can Help Maintain Muscle Mass And Strength

Researchers have revealed that getting old doesn't necessarily mean getting weak and frail just a little bit of exercise can help maintain muscle mass and strength. Aging is associated with a reduction in both muscle size and strength (a condition known as sarcopenia). As a driver of morbidity and mortality, the condition is fast becoming a growing health concern in our aging population.

Nipah and Hendra Viruses: Human Vaccines To Be Developed

Antibody therapy developed at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences as a treatment against the Nipah and Hendra viruses has led to an agreement for development of a human vaccine against the two deadly viruses. The USU-HJF Joint Technology Transfer Office licensed the technology, which is supported by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).

New Anaesthesia Standards Updated In Global Effort To Improve Surgical Care

A new study recommends for anesthesia professionals throughout the world and is intended to provide guidance and assistance to anesthesia professionals, their professional societies, hospital and facility administrators, and governments for improving and maintaining the quality and safety of anesthesia care. They were first adopted by the WFSA on 13th June 1992, with revisions in 2008 and 2010. The latest version was published in May 2018 and was developed on behalf of both the WFSA and WHO.

Effectiveness of Swiss HIV Prevention Policy

Switzerland's pragmatic HIV prevention policy for intravenous drug users has been extremely successful. Thousands of HIV infections and AIDS cases have been prevented thanks to harm reduction measures, as shown by an analysis by the University of Zurich, the University Hospital Zurich and the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.

Microscope Imaging System Integrates Virtual Reality Technology

A robotically controlled digital microscope that provides advanced visualization in the operating room. The system features a robotic arm with a high-definition camera that projects digital images of neuroanatomy on larger monitors. The system is an alternative to the traditional operating microscope, a mainstay in modern neurosurgery that features an ocular, or eyepiece, used by the surgeon to see magnified images of the brain.

Short Bursts of Intense Exercise Are a HIIT, New Findings

While we know high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is time-efficient and good for our health, researchers are still curious to determine if less active users are willing to do it. In fact, limited research has examined exactly how inactive people perceive HIIT–which consists of multiple short bouts of intense exercise, says Matthew Stork, a PhD candidate in the school of Health and Exercise Sciences at UBC's Okanagan campus.

Efficacy of Canakinumab Confirmed

Recognition that three unrelated rare fever syndromes are all mediated by a single interleukin opened a new approach for controlling flares in the diseases.

A clinical trial including cohorts of patients who have colchicine-resistant familial Mediterranean fever (crFMF), mevalonate kinase deficiency, or the tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) confirmed that the interleukin 1β inhibitor canakinumab (Ilaris, Novartis) effectively controlled or prevented flares in all three diseases, researchers reported.