All news from Anaesthesiology

Sepsis: Delayed Lactate Measurements Increased Mortality Risks

The rising incidence of sepsis, a leading cause of in-hospital death, has prompted the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to issue protocols known as care bundles to standardize and improve sepsis care. Because of a known association between elevated lactate levels and increased mortality, the guidelines mandate that lactate levels should be tested soon after the onset of sepsis.

Ebola Outbreak At Two Sierra Leone Facilities For Disinfectants

According to a new study, researcher examined the 2014 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa was the largest in history. Starting in September 2014, International Medical Corps (IMC) operated five Ebola treatment units (ETUs) in Sierra Leone and Liberia. They reveal daily usage rates for disinfectant and personal protective equipment, informing future outbreaks. The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.

Novel Enzyme Therapy Approved for Adults with Phenylketonuria

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Palynziq (pegvaliase-pqpz) for adults with a rare and serious genetic disease known as phenylketonuria (PKU). Patients with PKU are born with an inability to break down phenylalanine (Phe), an amino acid present in protein-containing foods and high-intensity sweeteners used in a variety of foods and beverages. Palynziq is a novel enzyme therapy for adult PKU patients who have uncontrolled blood Phe concentrations on current treatment.

Source of Immune Molecule Involved in Nasal Polyps, Asthma Discovered

A new discovery about how the immune system responds to common sinus infections and asthma could explain why patients develop these issues in the first place and ultimately may lead to improved targeted therapies. Researchers have identified the source of the inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-25 (IL-25), an immune molecule that recruits a subset of inflammatory cells.

Common respiratory disorders like chronic rhinosinusitis and asthma have recently been linked to elevated levels of IL-25, but the cellular source of it in the respiratory system was unknown until now. The study findings are published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

American Academy Of Dermatology Highlights Dangers Of Tanning

According to a study, researcher evaluates teenage girls encouraged to reduce their skin cancer risk by protecting themselves from harmful UV rays. As Memorial Day signals the unofficial start of summer, many teen girls will be eager to get out of school and spend time outside and some may want to get a tan. But a new public service advertisement from the American Academy of Dermatology encourages those who are thinking of tanning to think again.