All news from Anaesthesiology

Broad-Based Alliance With Many Factors Which Impact On People Towards End-Of-Life

People’s experiences of death, dying and bereavement are only partially determined by formal health and social care services. A broad-based alliance of organizations and individuals was established in Scotland in 2011 with the aim of influencing a wider range of social, cultural and other environmental factors which impact on people’s experiences towards the end of life. A small central resource hosted by the Scottish Partnership for Palliative Care (SPPC) provides infrastructure, resources, promotion, events, and advocacy for the alliance. 

Impact of Air Pollution on ARDS

In a new study, researchers found significant associations between seniors' long-term exposure to two types of air pollution and hospitalization for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Association Between Anxiety And Decline In Cognitive State

Researchers have found a link between depression and an acceleration of the rate at which the brain ages. Although scientists have previously reported that people with depression or anxiety have an increased risk of dementia in later life, this is the first study that provides comprehensive evidence for the effect of depression on the decline in overall cognitive function (also referred to as cognitive state), in a general population. The study was published in the journal Psychological Medicine.

Famous Marshmallow Test Predicts Cognitive And Behavioral Outcomes

According to a new replication study of the well-known "marshmallow test," a famous psychological experiment designed to measure children's self-control suggests that being able to delay gratification at a young age may not be as predictive of later life outcomes as was previously thought. This replication uses a larger and more diverse sample of children to reexamine whether the marshmallow test does, in fact, predict longer-term cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The study was published in Psychological Science.

Genome study To Track Effective Population Size In US

Sharon Browning of the University of Washington and colleagues developed a method to estimate historical effective population size, which is the number of individuals who pass on their genes to the next generation, to reveal the shifting demographic history of U.S. populations during the last several thousand years