All news from Anaesthesiology

HIV Protein and its Pathogenesis Uncovered

One of the many challenges in treating HIV is that the virus can lie dormant in cells, quietly evading immune detection until it suddenly roars to life without warning and begins replicating furiously. Salk Institute researchers discovered a small molecule called JIB-04 that destroys the HIV protein called Tat, responsible for revving up the virus.

Effectiveness of Minimally Invasive Emphysema Treatment

For patients with severe emphysema, every breath brings equal parts relief and burden. Oxygenated air comes in, but not all the air from the last breath is exhaled. Rather, it becomes trapped in the lungs, caught in large pockets formed by the rupture of the lung's tiny air sacs, known as alveoli.

PET Scans Help Tailor Therapy For Esophageal Cancer, Study Finds

Survival results for the CALGB 80303 Trial presented today at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting 2018 demonstrate that esophageal cancer patients are shown by PET scan to be non-responders to induction chemotherapy, and were then switched to a new chemotherapy during chemoradiation, showed the median overall survival of 27 months

Genetic Characteristics of Indonesia's Rotavirus

Rotavirus A causes acute diarrhea in young children, and infects both animals and humans worldwide. A Japanese research group has found that the acute gastroenteritis infecting children in Indonesia between 2015 and 2016 was caused by dominant strains of equine-like G3 rotavirus, genetically different from human strains of the virus. The findings could shed light on how the virus traveled to Indonesia from neighboring countries.

Guselkumab Is Best For Psoriasis on the Scalp, Palms, and Soles

According to a study, researchers examines that the interleukin 23 inhibitor guselkumab is associated with more improvement in psoriasis on the scalp, palms and/or soles compared with adalimumab. They conducted a secondary analysis of data from the international VOYAGE 1 and VOYAGE 2 studies, double-blind, placebo- and adalimumab-controlled trials that demonstrated the efficacy of guselkumab for moderate-to-severe psoriasis. The study was published in JAMA Dermatology,

Abortion Does Not Increase A Woman's Risk For Depression

According to a study, researchers describe that having an abortion does not increase a woman's risk for depression. In previous research has found abortion does not harm women's mental health, studies claiming that it does continue to be published and state policies that restrict access to abortion in the United States have been justified by claims that abortion causes women psychological harm. The study was published in JAMA Psychiatry.