In this study, researchers tested whether higher temperature and flow decrease patient comfort. In more severe patients, instead, they hypothesized that higher flow might be associated with improved comfort. The high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) delivers up to 60 l/min of humidified air/oxygen blend at a temperature close to that of the human body.
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African-Americans are still much more likely to be diagnosed with HIV than white Americans. A new paper on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the African-American community shows that despite recent drops in HIV diagnoses across every population in the US, there are still great disparities between ethnic groups. The paper was led by Cato T. Laurencin of the University of Connecticut in the US and is published in Springer's Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.
Use of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for pain control appears to shorten hospital stays after colorectal surgery compared with conventional epidural analgesia, researchers report.
Hearing a recording of their mother's voice may help neonates maintain sleep while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), according to preliminary data from a new study. About 10 % of U.S. newborns require treatment in a NICU.
In a viral haemorrhagic disease where up to 40% of people developing it die, it is remarkable that doctors still do not agree whether the only recognized treatment, an antiviral drug called ribavirin, makes a difference. In a new Cochrane Review a team of authors at LSTM, along with colleagues in London, The Philippines and in Greece, evaluated the evidence to assess the effectiveness of treating Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a type of cancer that starts in cells that become certain white blood cells in the bone marrow and then move into the blood and lymph nodes. These cancer cells reproduce too quickly and crowd out other cells in the bone marrow.
A study in Biological Psychiatry has identified unique genetic changes in the brain's reward circuitry that are associated with cocaine use, including first-time use, withdrawal, and re-exposure to the drug after prolonged withdrawal.
When the Ayushman Bharat scheme was announced in Budget 2018, there were sceptics who observed that the scheme would only remain a dream. However, it soon culminated into reality when PM Narendra Modi launched the first phase of the Ayushman Bharat Health Programme from Bijapur in Chhattisgarh in the presence of Chief Minister Raman Singh and Union Health Minister JP Nadda.
According to a new study, researchers have identified important factors that can improve the transfer of patients from the intensive care unit (ICU) to a general hospital ward, a high-risk transition in which breakdowns in communication, medical errors and adverse events resulting in readmission can occur. They include patient and health care provider perspectives that identify resource availability, communications and institutional culture as key factors to be addressed. The study was published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).