All news from Anaesthesiology

Secrets of HIV's Persistence Unraveled

Thanks to advances in the development of anti-retroviral therapy (ART), patients with HIV are living longer than ever before. And yet, even in patients on very effective, long-term ART, HIV persists, requiring patients to take antiviral medication life-long. It's thought that the virus establishes a "persistent reservoir" of infected cells that can survive almost indefinitely.

A new study by investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital explores how the virus gets this foothold, identifying cellular survival programs that become activated in infected cells, and providing a potential target for future therapy. Their results are published this week in Immunity.

Neuroanatomy Predicts In Individual Health Diet

According to a new study, researchers analyzes differences in the structure of the prefrontal cortex predict an individual's ability to make healthier food choices, in healthy men and women. The study was published in JNeurosci, suggests an important role of these anatomical markers in decisions that have long-term effects on health and wellbeing.

Strategies To Reduce Head Injuries in Rugby Union

Bioengineers have compiled a set of recommendations that could significantly reduce concussions and other head injuries in rugby union, having assessed how head impacts and movement vary based on the position on the body where tackles are made.

Rise in Prep Uptake Among Gay Men

Some parts of Australia show an increase in uptake of pills that can prevent contracting HIV but also a sharp drop in condom use among men having sex with men. This was found in a major study and is cause for concern.

Biochemists Developed Milions Of Proteins Used As Drugs

A study showed that Biochemists have develped a way to rapidly synthesize and screen millions of novel proteins that could be used as drugs against Ebola and other viruses. All proteins produced by living cells are made from the 20 amino acids that are programmed by the genetic code. The MIT team came up with a way to assemble proteins from amino acids not used in nature, including many that are mirror images of natural amino acids. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.