All news from Anaesthesiology

New Evidence For Effects Of Anesthesia On The Developing Brain

A recent study advised that prolonged or repeated exposure to general anesthetics may affect neurodevelopment in children. This warning is based on a wealth of preclinical animal studies and relatively few human studies. The human studies include a variety of different populations with several different outcome measures. Interpreting the results requires consideration of the outcome used, the power of the study, the length of exposure and the efforts to reduce the confounding effects of comorbidity and surgery.

Microbiome Treatment For Atopic Dermatitis

According to a study, researchers examined that the treatment with Rmucosa was associated with significant decreases in measures of disease severity, topical steroid requirement, and Saureus burden. Topical treatment with live Roseomonas mucosaa bacterium naturally present on the skin was safe for adults and children with atopic dermatitis (eczema) and was associated with reduced disease severity. The study was published in JCI Insight.

Identification Of Pure-Tone Audiologic Thresholds For Pediatric Cochlear Implant

Researchers conducted a systematic review to identify audiologic thresholds in decibel hearing level (dB HLs) that might be appropriate for pediatric cochlear implantation. Children with a profound hearing impairment may benefit from cochlear implantation at audiology thresholds of 80 dB or higher, rather than 90 dB or higher, as is often recommended. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology Head-Neck Surgery.

Mucus Protects Flu virus, New Findings

Mucus and other airway secretions that are expelled when a person with the flu coughs or exhales appear to protect the virus when it becomes airborne, regardless of humidity levels, a creative experiment discovered. The results refute long-standing studies that indicated the influenza virus degrades and is inactivated sooner as the humidity increases.

TAVR: Holds Sway in Low-Risk Patients at 6 Years

Follow-up data from low-risk patients through 6 years of the NOTION trial continue to favor transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the self-expanding CoreValve (Medtronic) over surgical bioprostheses for valve hemodynamic performance and structural deterioration.

Acute Insomnia: Prevalence is One in Four Americans

About 25% of Americans experience acute insomnia each year, but about 75% of these individuals recover without developing persistent poor sleep or chronic insomnia, according to a study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania which was presented at SLEEP 2018, the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC (APSS).

Men May Contribute to Infertility

A new study at The University of Toledo shows that a father donates not one, but two centrioles through the  during fertilization and the newly discovered sperm structure may contribute to infertility, miscarriages and birth defects

Liposomal Bupivacaine Reduce Inpatient Opioid Prescription

According to a new study, researchers showed that Liposomal bupivacaine use in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty is not associated with clinically meaningful reductions in inpatient opioid use, resource utilization, or opioid-related complications. The study was published online in Anesthesiology. Although some trials suggest benefits of liposomal bupivacaine, data on real-world use and effectiveness is lacking.

Autism: Special Health Insurance Introduced for Treatment

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a multi-factorial disorder. There is no one cause of ASD. The most prominent risk factor is genetics. Studies by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) reveal that one in 89 children aged between two and nine years have been diagnosed with autism in India.