All news from Anaesthesiology

Risk of Elimination More Among the Basketball Teams Playing for Survival in Playoffs

If a sports team plays a critical game in which losing means elimination from a league, do they work harder to win—or does the high pressure mean they are more likely to make mistakes and lose? A new study in Frontiers in Psychology suggests the latter, finding that basketball teams playing for survival in critical NBA playoff games are more likely to lose. This suggests that the threat of elimination caused the teams to 'choke.'

Depression in Type 1 diabetes Was Associated With High Levels Of Circulating Galectin-3

According to a study, researchers determine that Depression in type-1 diabetes patients is associated with higher levels of the inflammatory protein galectin-3. These findings suggest that galectin-3 levels may be useful for diagnosis of depression or may be a new target for treating depression associated with type-1 diabetes, which could lead to better patient care. The study was published in Endocrine Connections.

Patients With ESRD Receive Hospice Care

A new study evaluated that Only a small proportion of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis receive hospice care at the end of life, and almost half of those who do receive it enter hospice care within 3 days of their death. The study was published in JAMA Internal Medicine

Moreover, patients with ESRD admitted to hospice have higher hospitalization and intensive care unit admission rates in the last week of life compared with patients who do not receive hospice care. The analysis shows, however, that Medicare costs do not differ substantially between those who do and those who do not receive hospice.

HIV: Role of A 'super' Receptor in Killing Infected Cell

Researchers have discovered a unique set of 'super' receptors on immune cells capable of killing HIV across genetically diverse populations, making them a potential candidate for immunotherapy treatments. The researchers studied fifteen unique individuals who all had been infected with HIV, but have immune systems that protect them from AIDs progression. These rare individuals, called HIV controllers, could hold clues to the cure for the disease.

Ayushmaan Bharat's Role in An Universal Health Coverage

Existing public healthcare system in India is in the form of a pyramid, starting from the sub-centres and going up to the Medical Colleges, passing through primary health centres, community health centres, rural hospital, taluk hospital, and district hospital. Centres which provide primary healthcare are: sub-centre (SC) per 1000 population, primary health centre (PHC) per 30,000 population and community health centre (CHC) per 1,20,000 population.

Structural Plasticity In Mature And Adult Newborn Brain Cells

Even in adult brains, new neurons are generated throughout a lifetime. Research group led by Goethe University describes plastic changes of adult-born neurons in the hippocampus, a critical region for learning: frequent nerve signals enlarge the spines on neuronal dendrites, which in turn enables contact with the existing neural network. The study was published in the scientific journal PNAS.