All news from Anaesthesiology

Gender-Based Violence and Child Abuse are Linked, New Finding

"No study to date had analyzed whether the occurrence of gender-based violence and child maltreatment – considered by the WHO as important public health problems and a violation of human rights – would also occur spatially, that is, if they overlap in the same areas and if the characteristics of these city areas that explain the risk of both types of violence are the same", said Enrique Gracia, Professor of Social Psychology at the University of Valencia and lead author of the article.

Biological Role of Bacterial enzymes

Rare earth elements (REEs) are an indispensable component of the digital technologies that are now an integral part of our everyday life. Yet their biological role has been discovered only recently. A few years ago it became apparent that these metals are essential elements for methano- and methylotrophic bacteria.

One representative is the bacterium Methylacidiphilum fumariolicum SolV, which was found in a volcanic mudpot near Naples, Italy, and is known to be strictly dependent on REEs such as lanthanum and cerium for its growth.

Spider Silk Microcapsules: Novel Vaccine Delivery Directly to Immune Cells

In order to strengthen the efficacy of vaccines on the immune system – and in particular on T lymphocytes, specialized in the detection of cancer cells – researchers have developed spider silk microcapsules capable of delivering the vaccine directly to the heart of immune cells. This process, published in the journal Biomaterials, could also be applied to preventive vaccines to protect against infectious diseases, and constitutes an important step towards vaccines that are stable, easy to use, and resistant to the most extreme storage conditions.