All news from Anaesthesiology

'E-dermis': New Technology To Bring Sense of Touch, Pain to Prosthetic Hands

Amputees often experience the sensation of a "phantom limb" — a feeling that a missing body part is still there. That sensory illusion is closer to becoming a reality thanks to a team of engineers at the Johns Hopkins University that has created an electronic skin. When layered on top of prosthetic hands, this e-dermis brings back a real sense of touch through the fingertips.

Structure Of Telomerase Seen By Cryo-electron Microscopy

Researchers observed the structures of TEN and TRAP, and how they interact with each other and with the telomerase RNA. Many mutations that scientists attributed to the TEN region, in fact, disrupt TEN's interaction with TRAP. The study was published in Cell.

Cancer, aging-related diseases, and other illnesses are closely tied to an important enzyme called "telomerase," whose catalytic core where most of its activity occurs can now be seen in near atomic resolution. At each step, they zoom in closer and see more and more details, and can now begin to deduce not just what the enzyme looks like, but also how it functions. Knowing that may lead to the development of new drugs that target specific parts of the enzyme.

Phase II Clinical Trial on Namodenoson, New Update Provided

Can-Fite BioPharma Ltd., a biotechnology company advancing a pipeline of proprietary small molecule drugs that address cancer, liver and inflammatory diseases, provided an update on its Phase II clinical trial with drug candidate Namodenoson (CF102) in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients whose disease has progressed on sorafenib therapy. Can-Fite anticipates analyzing the results of this important trial before the end of the current year.

Cardiac Arrest: Deaths are Misclassified, Overestimated

Forty percent of deaths attributed to cardiac arrest are not sudden or unexpected, and nearly half of the remainder are not arrhythmic—the only situation in which CPR and defibrillators are effective—according to an analysis by researchers at UC San Francisco and the City and County of San Francisco Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. The study appears in the special autopsy issue of the American Heart Association journal Circulation.

Cancer Prevention Through HPV Vaccination

Parents ranked cancer prevention as the most compelling reason health care providers can give for recommending the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, according to a survey led by University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers.

Stroke: Motor Recovery Boosted With Dual-Therapy

Paralysis of an arm and/or leg is one of the most common effects of a stroke. But thanks to research carried out by scientists at the Defitech Foundation Chair in Brain-Machine Interface and collaborators, stroke victims may soon be able to recover greater use of their paralyzed limbs. The scientists' pioneering approach brings together two known types of therapies—a brain-computer interface (BCI) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) – and has been published in Nature Communications.

Unique Way Of Seeing The Human Anatomy

A study determines human anatomy is a cornerstone of medical and nursing education. They are able to gain hands-on experience by working with human cadavers and then manipulating finely detailed, computer-generated, three-dimensional renditions of the human body and its parts in a special laboratory.