A study was to describe transfusion practice in critically ill patients at an international level and evaluate the effects of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on outcomes in these patients. This was a pre-planned sub-study of the Intensive Care Over Nations audit, which involved 730 ICUs in 84 countries and included all adult patients admitted between 8 May and 18 May 2012, except admissions for routine postoperative surveillance.
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The findings, published in the journal Nature Medicine, hint at the potential for chemical by-products produced by the microbes living inside us to be used as early warning signs of disease, which could be detected using a simple blood test.
A team of researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Basel in Switzerland and Institut Universitaire de Technologie in France has that found that embryonic kidney cells engineered to produce insulin when exposed to caffeine were able to reduce glucose levels in mouse models
Researchers at Oregon State University and Oregon Health & Science University are working on a treatment that holds great promise for improving the lives of cystic fibrosis patients. Findings were published in Molecular Therapy.
Public health strategies are urgently required to tackle low intakes of vitamin D in the UK South-Asian population, finds a new study in the Journal of Public Health Nutrition. Examining 8,024 South Asians researchers found low intakes of this vital vitamin.
A recent study headed by Dr. Juan Nácher of Valencia University has shed light on a new function of neural plasticity and confirms the presence of a 'reservoir' of neurons that are added to the networks during adult life rather than during the developmental stage, as is normally the case
According to a study, researchers evaluated that physicians' views on advance care planning, goals of care, and end?of?life conversations. While nearly all physicians say end-of-life conversations are important, many reports lacking the training to have such conversations. The study was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
The first comprehensive study comparing the outcomes of robotic surgery to those of traditional open surgery in any organ has found that the surgeries are equally effective in treating bladder cancer.
Survivin, overexpressed in most cancers, is associated with poor prognosis and resistance to radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Herein, they report the synthesis of three 3-phenethyl-2-indolinone derivatives and their application as in vivo imaging agents for survivin
Impact of the Home Health Nursing Shortage on Family Caregivers of Children Receiving Palliative Care
The national nursing shortage translates into a gap in-home nursing care available to children with complex, chronic medical conditions and their family caregivers receiving palliative care consultations
Scientists at Trinity College Dublin and St James's Hospital, Dublin, have discovered how vitamin A drives the lung immune system to deal with tuberculosis (TB). The findings have just been published in a top respiratory journal, the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology.