All news from Anaesthesiology

Better Implants Holds Promise For Damaged Knees

People whose knees have been affected by osteoarthritis, also known as the 'wear and tear' arthritis, often have to get knee implants to repair the damage. But if a knee implant does not fit the specific individual, it can lead to soft tissue damage, collapsing of the underlying bone, loosening of the implant and an increased likelihood of joint pain after an operation

Zika: California Aedes mosquitoes Involved in the Spread

Over the last five years, Zika virus has emerged as a significant global human health threat following outbreaks in South and Central America. Now, researchers have shown that invasive mosquitoes in California — where cases of Zika in travelers have been a regular occurrence in recent years — are capable of transmitting Zika.

Cranial Vault Thickness Variation And Inner Structural Organization

The 'virtual' revisiting of a fossil described as 'the oldest evidence of human evolution in South Africa' shows surprising results. A cranium of a four-million-year-old fossil, that, in 1995 was described as the oldest evidence of human evolution in South Africa, has shown similarities to that of our own when scanned through high-resolution imaging systems. The study was published in the Journal of Human Evolution.

Comparison Between ED Use Of CTA And SE Head-To-Head

According to a study, the researcher showed sought to compare early emergency department (ED) use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and stress echocardiography (SE) head-to-head. For patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain, a smaller proportion is hospitalized after undergoing stress echocardiography (SE) versus coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). The study was published online in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Astronauts Body Change During Spaceflight

Body Changes Of Astronauts Undergo During Spaceflight

A study observed that there are many changes that occur when an astronaut enters space. Physiological and anatomical changes include bone atrophy, muscle atrophy, and cardiovascular deconditioning occurred in an astronaut’s body during space flight. In addition, space flight leads to dynamic molecular changes within cells. The study was published in NPJ Microgravity, myoblast differentiation can be significantly attenuated by microgravity.