All news from Anaesthesiology

Improved Vaccines for Infants and Newborns Developed

Scientists have just identified a class of 'danger signals' that are highly efficient at triggering an immune response in infants and newborns. They believe their discovery may have the potential to reduce both the age of vaccine administration and the need for multiple booster injections in infants and newborns, whose immune systems operate differently to those of adults.

Elders In India Lack Long-Term Palliative care

Researchers conducted a study to survey in India, a large majority of the elderly in India do not get long-term, and palliative care revealed a study conducted for the United Nations. The survey of more than 10,000 respondents across northern, southern, western, eastern, and central India during May-June 2018, showed that 62.1% of the elderly did not get such care. More than half of these people, 52.4%, said they primarily need traditional family support.

Need for Wider Access to HIV Prevention Drugs

Despite highly effective anti-HIV pharmaceuticals having been used worldwide for almost a decade, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) has not been conquered. In 2016, there were an estimated 39,782 new HIV diagnoses in the U.S., according to San Francisco State University Associate Professor of Sociology Rita Melendez. Their analysis was published in the journal AIDS and Behavior in June and will be presented at the International AIDS Conference in Amsterdam later this month.

Growth Of Protein Crystals Seen By Cryo-EM

Researchers showed the structure and growth of protein crystals by using Cryo-electron microscopy. They allow to control crystallization and could be used to aid drug formulation. Crystallizing a protein can be a shot in the dark. No one quite knows how protein crystals form, so researchers frequently must use trial and error to find the right crystallization conditions. Scientists have used cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), the technique that took home the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, to watch the earliest stages of protein crystal formation.

Heart Rate And Its Effects

Humans have been aware of their heart rate for thousands of years. But knowing the meaning behind the beats isn't so simple. Myriad factors affect our heart rate, including our age, medical conditions, medications, diet, and fitness level. Today, they are even more aware of our heart rate, thanks to devices such as smartwatches that can measure every beat during rest and exercise.