A new study published in Nature Communications finds evidence that as bacteria adapt to the human body, they can sometimes become more susceptible to antibiotics and therefore easier to kill.
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In areas of the country disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis, treatment programs are less likely to accept patients paying through insurance of any type or accept pregnant women, a new Vanderbilt study found.
Obesity in women and current smoking in men appear to be the strongest predictors of lack of remission in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) within one year, according to new research presented June 13 at EULAR 2018, the annual meeting of the European League Against Rheumatism, in Amsterdam.
Researchers with members from a variety of institutions across Germany has developed a new type of cochlear implant one based on light. The study was published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the group describes their new implant.
Researchers have decoded the mechanisms used by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii to enter the cells of a host. Using high-resolution, high-speed imaging, they identified a unique process by which the parasite closes the 'entry door' it creates in order to enter and inhibit a host cell.
About 40% of individuals experience complications after reversal of combat-associated ostomies, but shortening the interval from ostomy creation to reversal might reduce that rate, researchers report.
A new study is to examine the sketetal muscle metabolic phenotype during early critical illness. The muscles of people in intensive care are less able to use fats for energy, contributing to the extensive loss of muscle mass. The study was published in Thorax.
Intensive Care Patients
Intensive care patients can lose 20% of their muscle mass in just 10 days, which can contribute to long-term disability. Nutrition and exercise programmes designed to prevent this muscle loss have largely been unsuccessful. They already knew that our patients have difficulty using glucose to generate energy. Our new data suggests they also find it hard to use fats in the feed we give them to generate energy.
Last month alone, 23% of Americans took two or more prescription drugs, according to one CDC estimate, and 39% over age 65 take five or more, a number that's increased three-fold in the last several decades. And if that is not surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy.
Podocyte damage—indicated by proteinuria or abnormal proteins in the urine—is a common symptom of diseases including the autoimmune disorder lupus and non-immune diseases and can result in kidney failure requiring dialysis or organ transplant, according to the research
Palliative care aims to improve the quality of life of patients facing life-threatening illness, and relieve pain and other distressing symptoms. Palliative care addresses spiritual and psychological needs, and is intended to help patients live as fully as possible. Some describe palliative care as helping chronically ill people “live until they die.”
For people with Huntington’s disease, palliative care can be provided at any time during the illness. However, it is likely to become a greater focus as the person nears the end of life. Caregivers may ask their doctor for a referral to palliative care specialists. A hospice program is one way, but not the only method, of receiving palliative care.
Any opioid use is associated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year, according to a study published online in JAMA Network Open. In this cross-sectional analysis, individuals who reported any level of opioid use were more likely than individuals who reported no opioid use to have physical and mental health conditions and co-occurring substance use.
Involvement in the criminal justice system increased with intensity of opioid use, and any level of opioid use was significantly associated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year.
Every year, more than one in three individuals aged 65 and older will experience a fall. Falls are the most common cause of injury in older adults and can create ongoing health problems.