All news from Anaesthesiology

Metabolic Phenotype Of Skeletal Muscle In Early Critical Illness

A new study is to examine the sketetal muscle metabolic phenotype during early critical illness. The muscles of people in intensive care are less able to use fats for energy, contributing to the extensive loss of muscle mass. The study was published in Thorax.

Intensive Care Patients

Intensive care patients can lose 20% of their muscle mass in just 10 days, which can contribute to long-term disability. Nutrition and exercise programmes designed to prevent this muscle loss have largely been unsuccessful. They already knew that our patients have difficulty using glucose to generate energy. Our new data suggests they also find it hard to use fats in the feed we give them to generate energy.

Artificial Intelligence System: Prediction of Drug Combinations' Side Effects

Last month alone, 23% of Americans took two or more prescription drugs, according to one CDC estimate, and 39% over age 65 take five or more, a number that's increased three-fold in the last several decades. And if that is not surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy.

Hospice Care In Huntington’s Disease

Palliative care aims to improve the quality of life of patients facing life-threatening illness, and relieve pain and other distressing symptoms. Palliative care addresses spiritual and psychological needs, and is intended to help patients live as fully as possible. Some describe palliative care as helping chronically ill people “live until they die.”

For people with Huntington’s disease, palliative care can be provided at any time during the illness. However, it is likely to become a greater focus as the person nears the end of life. Caregivers may ask their doctor for a referral to palliative care specialists. A hospice program is one way, but not the only method, of receiving palliative care.

Opioid Usage Tied to Involvement in Criminal Justice System, Study Findings

Any opioid use is associated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year, according to a study published online in JAMA Network Open. In this cross-sectional analysis, individuals who reported any level of opioid use were more likely than individuals who reported no opioid use to have physical and mental health conditions and co-occurring substance use.

Involvement in the criminal justice system increased with intensity of opioid use, and any level of opioid use was significantly associated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year.