All news from Anaesthesiology

Effectiveness of Whooping Cough Vaccine

The current whooping cough vaccine was universally adopted in the US in 1996 to replace the original vaccine based on killed Bordetella pertussis because of a stronger safety profile. The new formulation was found to be effective in preventing whooping cough during vulnerable stages in the lifespan but the kind of pertussis vaccine used to prime the immune system leaves a lasting impression.

In their latest study, researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI) report that individuals who had been inoculated with the newer vaccine as part of their initial series of shots mount a weaker recall response when receiving booster shots later on.

HIV-Positive Children in South Africa: Developmental Disabilities Reported

HIV-positive children in South Africa are more likely to have developmental disabilities compared to children who are HIV negative, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

HIV-positive children ages 4 to 6 had nearly four times the odds of delays in sitting, standing, walking, and speaking, and more than twice the odds of a hearing disability and cognitive delay compared to HIV-negative children. The findings are published online in the journal PLOS ONE.

Prevention Of Recurrent Strep Throat

Everybody has had one at some point or another: a sore throat, that burning, stinging sensation that makes it hard to swallow. As uncomfortable as it may be, you can take solace in the fact that it will go away in a few days. But if it lingers, it can be a sign of strep throat, a much more serious condition that needs medical attention.

ICU Experiences Speak About Patient's Safety

Previous studies have shown that when all members of the clinical care team feel comfortable speaking up, team performance improves. With intimate knowledge of patients' wishes, medical histories and clinical conditions, patients and their families are increasingly considered crucial members of the optimal patient-centered care team.

However, to have an impact on patient safety, patients and families must feel comfortable voicing concerns about care to the medical team. Currently, little is known about patients' and their families' level of comfort with speaking up in real time in the ICU setting. The study was published in BMJ Quality and Safety.