All news from Anaesthesiology

Spaceflight Effects On The Brain Structure Of Astronauts

Researchers worked on the effects of spaceflight on the brain structure of astronauts: microgravity does not affect intracranial contents and intracranial pressure in isolation but acts across the entire venous system. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension has similarities with the visual impairment intracranial pressure syndrome (VIIP) in space, the former occurring in overweight patients with increased abdominal and thoracic venous pressures that may limit cerebral venous outflow.

AERD: Aspirin Desensitization Alleviates Alcohol-Induced Allergies

Patients who suffer from Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (AERD) often experience an additional allergic reaction when drinking alcohol, including nasal congestion, wheezing, and a runny nose. Now a new study finds a common treatment for AERD – aspirin desensitization – can also help alleviate the alcohol-induced symptoms of the condition. The researchers published their findings in the journal International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology.

Hormone Testosterone Is Effective At Cachexia In Cancer Patients

Researchers showed that the hormone testosterone is effective at combatting cachexia in cancer patients and improving quality of life. Many cancer patients suffer from a loss of body mass known as cachexia. Approximately 20% of cancer-related deaths are attributed to the syndrome of cachexia, which in cancer patients is often characterized by a rapid and/or severe loss of fat and skeletal muscle. 

Benefits of Conservative Management of Lung Subsolid Nodules

Subsolid nodules (SSN) can be considered a biomarker of lung cancer risk and should be managed with long-term active surveillance. Conservative management of SSN will reduce unnecessary surgery and overtreatment in patients with multiple comorbidities and aggressive lung cancer arising from lung sites other than the SSN.

Euthanasia Hurts Palliative Care

Legalizing euthanasia can stunt the palliative-care sector. The Netherlands, for example, has traditionally performed comparatively poorly in this field. Indeed, one doctor once infamously said he didn’t need palliative care when he had euthanasia.

Forced to “Choose”

Now, in Quebec, the head of the provincial medical association who supports euthanasia warns that some patients have been forced to “choose” to be killed because they couldn’t access quality palliative care. From the McLean’s story: