It is a common occurrence in elderly people: Blood cells carrying mutated DNA explosively increase in number, resulting in genetic "mosaicism": the presence of a population of cells that carries an altered genome.
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Each year, over 530,000 children receive tonsillectomies to treat recurring middle-ear infections and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that are unresponsive to other remedies, but a recent study published shows the surgery could have long-term effects on respiratory and immune function.
The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) stated that 30 years ago, 90% of tonsillectomies (which can also include adenoid removal) were done because of recurrent infection. Now, 20% of surgeries are performed to treat chronic infection, while 80% are done to treat OSA. The study was published online in JAMA Otolaryngology.
There are sociodemographic disparities in eyeglass use by age, race/ethnicity, education level, and income, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology
Forensic Medicine doctors have welcomed the idea of an online system to track post-mortem examination (PME) reports. At present, doctors jot down their findings manually after conducting a post-mortem or other medico-legal examinations such as estimation of age.
At a meeting between DGP M Mahendar Reddy and chief secretary SK Joshi, participants felt the online system would help in avoiding delays in releasing PME reports.
A new study examine many family members of intensive care unit (ICU) patients are reluctant to tell medical staff of worries about their loved one's care. Speaking up is a key component of safety culture, yet our study the first to our knowledge to address this issue revealed substantial challenges for patients and families speaking up during an ICU stay.
They surveyed 105 families of patients admitted to an academic hospital's ICU between July 2014 and February 2015. The researchers also conducted an internet survey of 1,050 people with recent ICU experience. The study was published in the journal BMJ Quality and Safety.
Zoledronic acid improves low bone mineral density (BMD) better than switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to another antiretroviral drug in adults with HIV, researchers report
Even in areas with moderate-to-high levels of traffic pollution, regular physical activity reduced the risk of first and recurrent heart attack, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
A new Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute study assesses the increased growth of secondary interpretations of diagnostic imaging examinations in the Medicare population. The study is publishing online in the Journal of American College of Radiology(JACR).
The pain of illnesses was too much for people to handle. This is when he sought palliative care. Palliative care is focused on providing relief from the symptoms and stress of a serious illness. The goal is to improve the quality of life for both the patient and the family. It is a comprehensive symptom management programme which treats total pain.
Scientists explained that transcutaneous osseointegrated implantation is an effective option for children with aural atresia, according to the research
A drug used to treat diabetes may point to new therapies for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis—inflammation and obstruction of the lungs' small airways. A multi-disciplinary team of Vanderbilt investigators has demonstrated that liraglutide reduces the inflammatory response to RSV infection in a mouse model of the disease. The findings were reported in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.