All news from Anaesthesiology

Adrenaline Use In Cardiac Arrests Reduces People Stay In Hospital

A clinical trial of the use of adrenaline in cardiac arrests has found that its use results in less than 1% more people leaving the hospital alive, but almost doubles the risk of severe brain damage for survivors of cardiac arrest. The research raises important questions about the future use of adrenaline in such cases and will necessitate debate amongst healthcare professionals, patients, and the public. The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), A Randomized Trial of Epinephrine in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Clues to Develop More Effective Ebola Vaccines

Scientists conducting the first comprehensive study of key immune system cells-;collected from West African Ebola survivors that kill Ebola-infected cells have made a surprising discovery that provides important clues to developing effective vaccines against the infection.

Melanoma Patients Experience Adverse Reactions

A study showed that cancer patients receiving anti-PD-1 therapies who develop lesions, eczema, psoriasis, or other forms of autoimmune diseases affecting the skin may experience those adverse reactions on a delay sometimes even after treatment.

In a study that provides guidance for physicians and has implications for patient counseling dermatologists in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found patients developed skin disease a median of four months after starting treatment, though in one case, the effects were not observed until more than three years later. The study was published in JAMA Dermatology.

Metabolic Changes Associated with Depleting Microbiome with Antibiotics in Mice

A new study from the Salk Institute has found that mice that have their microbiomes depleted with antibiotics have decreased levels of glucose in their blood and better insulin sensitivity. The research has implications for understanding the role of the microbiome in diabetes. It also could lead to better insight into the side effects seen in people who are being treated with high levels of antibiotics. The study appeared in the journal Nature Communications