All news from Anaesthesiology

Poliomyelitis: Exploring New Research Combat Disease-Causing Viruses

According to the US Center for Disease Control, the number of worldwide cases of poliomyelitis has decreased from 350,000 in 1988 to 407 in 2013. While the decline has been steady, polio has still not been eradicated. To try and help solve the problem, biologists and mathematicians from IBM, UCSF, Stanford University, and the University of Haifa are working side-by-side on a DARPA-funded research project to engineer a new type of antiviral agent against viruses such as polio.

Risk Of Actinic Keratosis In Taller People

According to a study, researchers showed a significant and positive correlation between height and actinic keratosis (AK). The study included 17,386,083 participants who were divided into five groups according to height. A total of 49,287 AK cases were reported, yielding an incidence rate of 0.314 per 1,000 person-years. AK was most common in participants above the age of 60 years.

Highly Lethal Viruses Hijack Cellular Defences Against Cancer

Henipaviruses are among the deadliest viruses known to man and have no effective treatments. The viruses include Hendra, lethal to humans and horses, and the Nipah virus, a serious threat in East and Southeast Asia. They are on the World Health Organization Blueprint list of priority diseases needing urgent research and development action.

Remission of Human Type 2 Diabetes In Some Patients

A clinical trial recently showed that nearly half of individuals with type 2 diabetes achieved remission to a non-diabetic state after a weight-loss intervention delivered within 6 years of diagnosis. The study was published in the journal Cell Metabolism 

It reveals that this successful response to weight loss is associated with the early and sustained improvement in the functioning of pancreatic beta cells. This finding challenges the previous paradigm that beta-cell function is irreversibly lost in patients with type 2 diabetes.

New Way To Diagnose Ear Infections

The researcher has developed an imaging tool that it says may help better diagnose ear infections. PhotoniCare's new hand-held device uses advanced light-based technology to see through the eardrum to the middle ear. Otitis media, commonly known as middle-ear infection, is an inflammation in the middle ear, the area behind the eardrum. It's usually associated with the buildup of fluid.