All news from Anaesthesiology

General Anesthesia

Putting Babies Under General Anesthetic Won't Affect Their Development

Making the decision to operate on a baby or toddler can be complex and confronting for parents. It involves weighing the risks versus the expected benefits for the child. One of the questions impacting the decision has traditionally been whether general anesthesia is safe for vulnerable, rapidly developing brains. Negative effects Parents in this situation…

Human Insulin

Health Outcomes of Switching Patients From Analog To Human Insulin

In the United States, the drug price for insulin has skyrocketed over the last two decades. While the price has increased for all forms of insulin, newer, “analog” insulin medications such as glargine and lispro have become especially expensive. This is particularly true for patients with insufficient drug coverage or for Medicare beneficiaries in the…

Anesthesiology

Anesthesia In Elderly Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery

Bupivacaine and levobupivacaine have similar pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics and are used regularly in spinal anesthesia. Whether potential differences in their hemodynamic and anesthetic profiles could determine a differential risk of complications in elderly subjects; is controversial. The main objective was to compare the effects of intrathecally administered levobupivacaine (LB) versus bupivacaine (B); on regional…

Anesthesiology

Asleep-Awake Asleep Anesthesia Technique For Brain

The asleep-awake-asleep technique and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a common general anesthesia technique for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. However, the LMA is not always the ideal artificial airway. In this report, we presented our experiences with nasotracheal intubation-extubation-intubation (IEI) and techniques in DBS surgery for Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients to meet the needs…

Anesthesia

LESS ANESTHESIA DOESN’T STAVE OFF POST-SURGERY DELIRIUM

In the group that had close brain monitoring, however, there were fewer deaths in the first 30 days after surgery. That was an unexpected finding, and the researchers believe it points to potential benefits linked to close brain monitoring and should be examined in future studies. Many older adults who have major surgery experience postoperative…

Health insurance

Innovation: The Way Forward For India?

A comprehensive policy for neglected diseases research in India to foster the innovation of new drugs, diagnostics, and vaccines says Nirmal Kumar Ganguly and colleagues in an analysis published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). The paper begins by highlighting some of the achievements India has made against a number of neglected diseases. Guinea worm, trachoma, and innovative therapies…

Anesthesis

Less Anesthesia During Surgery Doesn't Prevent Post-Op Delirium

Many older adults who have major surgery experience postoperative delirium in the days after their operations. Previous research has suggested that closely monitoring the brain during surgery and making adjustments to protect the brain from too much anesthesia could reduce the risk of postoperative delirium.  Older surgical patients But in a new study of more…

Topical anesthesia

Topical Anesthesia are widely used in numerous medical and surgical specialties

Topical anesthetics are being widely used in numerous medical and surgical sub-specialties such as anesthesia, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, dentistry, urology, and aesthetic surgery. They cause a superficial loss of pain sensation after direct application. Their delivery and effectiveness can be enhancing by using free bases; by increasing the drug concentration, lowering the melting point; by using…

anaesthesia

Haemodynamic Profiles Of Etomidate VS Propofol For Induction Of Anaesthesia

Etomidate produces reliable, rapid onset of anesthesia and is perceiving as having a favorable hemodynamic profile, making it a common choice for patients at risk of hypotension, or where hypotension is undesirable (e.g. in patients who are critically ill, cardiovascularly compromised, or both). However, etomidate also suppresses adrenocortical function. Several retrospective studies have suggested a…

Insys Founder, Former Execs Face Opioid Kickback Scheme

The one-time billionaire founder of Insys Therapeutics Inc and therefore four other former executives and managers of the opioid drugmaker will face trial over charges because they conspired to pay doctors bribes to prescribe patients an addictive fentanyl spray to boost sales. besides Lawyers are set to deliver opening statements Monday in federal court in…

Sleep Deprivation: Linked To DNA Damage

DNA damage causes sleep deprivation according to a new Anaesthesia study. Observational studies have highlighted the detrimental health effects of shift work. So, it’s the time to elucidate that the mechanisms through which acute sleep deprivation may lead to chronic disease. After the cohort based studies, researchers concluded that increased DNA damage or decreased repair can lead…

Palliative and End-of-Life Communication With Nurse Comfort

Communication is a key component of palliative and end-of-life care. Little is known about comfort with palliative and end-of-life communication among nurses working in rural and urban settings. Descriptive analyses of the sample (N = 252) identified statistically significant results differences for age and experience; rural nurses were older and more experienced. Urban nurses reported less comfort than did rural nurses based on composite score analysis and reported less comfort than did rural nurses in talking with patients and families about "end-of-life decisions".