A technique called orthokeratology ("Ortho-K")—using custom-made contact lenses to shape the growing eye—has a significant effect in slowing the progression of myopia (nearsightedness) in children, according to a research review in the March issue of Optometry and Vision Science, an official journal of the American Academy of Optometry
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The prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE-COPD) varies from 3% in an emergency department (ED) to 29% in an inpatient setting, according to a literature review published in the Journal of Emergency Medicine.
Although skin disease can affect anyone, it may not affect everyone in the same way and this is especially true for patients with skin of color. Skin conditions are color blind, occurring in patients of every skin tone, but certain conditions can affect patients with skin of color more frequently and more severely.
Moreover, certain dermatologic treatments may cause problems in this population if those treatments aren't performed properly by a qualified, experienced physician like a board-certified dermatologist.
A study reports that the prolonged effects of microgravity raise doubts about the health of astronauts heading to Mars. Artificial gravity has been a highly useful concept for film directors wishing to depict life in space without the need to simulate zero gravity; it may yet prove a necessary technology for humans to venture to Mars and beyond, to overcome what appears an unavoidable neurological barrier to humans spending long periods in the weightless environment of a spaceship.
One blindingly apparent symptom to emerge from astronauts (and cosmonauts) spending prolonged periods in space is damage to their eyesight. Dubbed visual impairment intracranial pressure (VIIP) syndrome, the condition has been thought to be caused by changes in fluid pressure within the skull.
In a Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study of older adults with obesity who were cutting calories, an intervention that incorporated resistance training, aerobic training, or neither did not prevent bone loss associated with active weight loss. The study's results suggested that resistance training may help minimize long-term hip bone loss, however
There is mounting evidence that repetitive head impacts from contact sports and other exposures are associated with the neurodegenerative disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and dementia. A new study suggests that contact sports athletes may also be at increased risk for Lewy Body Disease, which can cause Parkinson's disease, a brain disorder that leads to problems with movement and thinking.
According to a new research, the presence of an altered nasal microbiome in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with inflammatory markers, according to the results of a discovery cohort from the World Trade Center (WTC)SNORE and a validation cohort from the Zaragoza Sleep Cohort. The study was published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
New Medicaid rules in several states mean low-income people will have to work or prove they are too unhealthy to work, to receive health coverage. Other states want permission to require the same, which could affect millions of Americans living in or near poverty.
Everyone has an opinion on infant colic. But what new parents really need is reassurance and facts. In the latest issue of Australian Prescriber, Murdoch Children's Research Institute research fellow Dr. Valerie Sung discusses the latest thinking on colic, one of the most common conditions experienced by babies under four months of age
From 2012 to 2015, there was an increase in the number of patients overall and age 65 years and younger receiving transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), according to a research letter published online in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Scientists at Stanley Manne Children's Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago took a major step toward developing a new treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a severe lung disease with a five-year survival rate of 50%.
They identified a drug with a positive safety profile that inhibits a gene called HIF-2α, which they discovered earlier promotes the progressive thickening of the lung artery walls, a key feature of PAH called "vascular remodeling," which leads to right-sided heart failure, the main cause of death in PAH patients.
Recently, they demonstrated in three clinically-relevant animal models that inhibiting HIF-2α with a compound results in reversal of established PAH, suppression of vascular remodeling and right heart failure, and increased survival. The study was published in the American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine.
Cancer physician and researcher Kimmie Ng of Harvard-affiliated Dana-Farber Cancer Institute was senior author of a recent study linking a low-insulin-load diet—fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy protein and fats to a dramatic drop in colorectal cancer recurrence.