According to a study, researchers evaluate the efficacy of a preoperative hypnosis session for reducing postoperative breast pain in patients who underwent minor breast cancer surgery. The study was published in JAMA Network Open.
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A unique pain program is helping complex surgical patients wean off opioids safely and effectively while offering alternative ways to cope with their pain and improve how they function. A study following 251 surgical patients at risk of developing chronic pain or persistent opioid use.
They found that almost half of patients who did not take opioids before surgery were able to wean off opioids, and one in four of those who did take opioids before surgery were able to wean completely. The study was published in the Canadian Journal of Pain, "Opioid Weaning and Pain Management in Post-Surgical patients at the Toronto General Hospital Transitional Pain Service."
In elderly patients with no comorbidities — but only in those patients — lighter sedation was associated with lower risk of post-operative delirium, a 200-patient randomized trial showed.
Researchers say a study designed to see if reducing the amount of anesthesia reduces the risk of postoperative delirium in older patients surprisingly found that lighter sedation failed to do so in severely ill people undergoing hip fracture repair.
But the study of 200 men and women also showed that for those in relatively better health, deep sedation more than doubled the risk of postoperative delirium compared with those having light sedation. Contrary to what we expected, sedation levels do not appear to affect postoperative delirium for sicker patients.
The study was published in JAMA Surgery, underscores the need for tailoring the amount and type of anesthesia to each individual's overall health status.
A study examined the impacts of dexmedetomidine supplemented intravenous analgesia on morphine consumption and subjective sleep quality in elderly patients after open abdominal surgery. Dexmedetomidine in combination with opioids has been used for postoperative analgesia.
Regional anesthesia in cardiac surgery implied the use of thoracic epidural anesthesia. Despite proven and potential benefits, fear of permanent neurologic deficits prevented anesthesiologists from using epidural blocks routinely.
Shorter-acting antiplatelet medications are neither recommended nor are there any on the horizon of manufacture. In addition, use of local anesthetic agents to provide postoperative analgesia instead of opioids in tandem provides a vista of opportunity to reduce or avoid the opioid use and move toward opioid-free anesthesia
Health control measures alone could be ineffective in the long-term fight against the deadly Rift Valley fever which affects both humans and animals, a new study in the journal PNAS reports.
The Italian government has removed the necessity for all children to be vaccinated against 10 important infectious diseases before they can join school or daycare. This has shocked and angered the medical and scientific community.
A new study examines that harmful effects of substances secreted from red blood cells could explain the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes, the results of two new studies conducted at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden indicate. The studies are published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and JACC: Basic to Translational Science.
In 2014, Joan Nichols and Joaquin Cortiella from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, managed to bioengineer the first human lungs and now their work has progressed to the point of transplanting the lungs into pigs.
In the remote haor areas in Sunamganj, Bangladesh, a band of community actors are working in collaboration with different stakeholders, from different sectors to create a resistance against malnutrition.
Nasima is one such Community Health Care Provider (CHCP), who enquires and confirm antenatal services and Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) tablet consumption of pregnant mothers with the support of Community Support Group (CSG) members.
Research recently published in the Journal of Equine Veterinary Science found significant signs of stress reduction in horses that inhaled lavender from a diffuser. The study was conducted by Isabelle Chea, a then-undergraduate honors student at the UA, and Ann Baldwin, UA professor of physiology and psychology.