All news from Anaesthesiology

Social interactions and Cancer Progression, Pathology

What if social behavior affected the progression of even noncontagious diseases? This is precisely what has been demonstrated by French CNRS teams, with support from the French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), Paris-Sud University, the University of Montpellier, the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), and colleagues from Spain and Australia.

Sleep Loss For On Night Negatively Impacts Fat, Muscle Tissue

According to a study, a cellular level, how chronic sleep loss can impair metabolism, lead to weight gain. Losing just one night of sleep can have a negative impact on human metabolism at the tissue level. The findings may explain how long-term shift work and chronic sleep loss can impair metabolism and adversely affect human body composition. 

Previous studies have shown that the risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes is greater in those who suffer from chronic sleep loss or who carry out shift work.  The study is the first to link how sleep loss, at the cellular level, affects metabolism in two tissues that are key to regulating metabolism.

It found that even one night of sleep loss similar to the lack of sleep someone working an overnight shift might experience can alter how genes and proteins are expressed in a tissue-specific manner in adipose tissue (fat) and skeletal muscle. The study was published in the journal Science Advances.

Determining The Type Of Anesthesia Followed By Its Procedure

The word "surgery" often leads to a discussion about other things, including the type of anesthesia that will be used during a procedure. The truth is, there are many different types of anesthesia that anesthesiologists use not just a small handful as some may think. And, according to Brett Winthrop, M.D., each type of anesthesia have its own specific purpose and use. The various types of anesthesia include general, neuraxial, sedation, regional and local.

Delirium Treatment Used For Critically Ill Patients In ICU

When acquired in the hospital, delirium damages recovery and torments patients and family. Since intensive care units were created in hospitals more than a half a century ago, there has been a steady decline in death rates for individuals who are critically ill and require life support.

That's significant and meaningful progress, and it's thanks to the pioneering work of many doctors, nurses and researchers who have discovered better ways to liberate patients from life support so that they can leave the hospital breathing and functioning on their own.

Helping Patients And Their Families In Emergency Department

Treatment for new health problems, or acute care visits, encompass over one-third of all ambulatory care delivered in the United States. Given the high costs of emergency departments, many insurance plans have created incentives to encourage patients to receive that care elsewhere.

In response to patient expectations for more convenience and too long wait times at traditional physician outpatient practices, alternative care facilities such as urgent care centers, retail clinics, and telemedicine have rapidly emerged.

In a study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital researchers document that among private health plan enrollees, in recent years, there has been a substantial shift from emergency departments to urgent care centers when it comes to patients receiving care for low-acuity conditions.