All news from Anaesthesiology

general anaesthesia

Doctors Tell If You Wake Up During Surgery

Waking up during surgery it’s terrifying to think about. But it does happen. There is evidence that around 5 % of people may experience so-called anesthesia awareness at some point on the operating table, though not everyone remembers it. Living through such an event can be traumatic and painful. So what can be done to…

Anesthesiology

General Anesthesia In Early Infancy Unlikely To Have Lasting Effects

A single hour of general anesthesia in early infancy longer than is necessary to perform the most common types of minor surgeries in childhood does not result in measurable neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems up to the age of 5 years; according to the first randomized trial of its kind involving 722 infants in seven countries;…

Anesthesiology

Inflammation In The Brain Increases Side-Effects Of Hypnotic Drugs

Benzodiazepines  are drugs commonly prescribed for anxiety, insomnia and seizures. However, in post-surgical patients taking BZDs, undue side-effects such as excessive sleepiness, weakness and delirium have often been observed. Associate Professor Yoshihisa Kitamura and Professor Toshiaki Sendo from Okayama University and colleagues have recently shown that inflammation, which is a normal after-effect of surgery, might…

Epedemics

In Brazil, Link Between Zika Infection And Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the brain does not develop properly resulting in a smaller than normal head. Microcephaly may be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life. Often people with this disorder have an intellectual disability, poor motor function, poor speech, abnormal facial features, seizures, and dwarfism. The disorder may…

Anesthesiology

Anesthesia, if limited, can be safe for baby's brain

Anesthesia during a short surgery doesn’t harm a baby’s brain development, according to an experiment involving hundreds of infants in seven countries. While the study can’t answer broader safety questions about repeated or prolonged anesthesia, it may ease the worries of millions of parents whose children have been put to sleep for common procedures. Strong…

Anesthesiology

Hypnosis Cuts Post-Op Pain, Anxiety In Kids

Virtual reality hypnosis (VRH) can reduce the need for postoperative opioids and anti-anxiety medications and lead to improved outcomes in children, new research suggests. A team of anesthesiologists at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Hopitaux Universitaires Strasbourg in France studied 21 children undergoing surgery for scoliosis, comparing 10 who received VRH in…

General Anesthesia

Fentanyl REMS Program Falls Short

Transmucosal immediate-release fentanyl products  are often use inappropriately, despite the existence of a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for these products, new research suggests. Because In one of the first studies of its kind, investigators review FDA documents from 2012 to 2017 that are obtain through…

Anesthesiology

Anesthetic Drug Propofol Shows Promise In The Treatment Of Medication

A commonly used anesthetic drug could help people with severe depression. Preliminary research published in the International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology suggests that propofol may trigger rapid, durable antidepressant effects. “Severe depression strikes millions of people each year, and up to one-third of these individuals do not respond to currently available treatments (medications, psychotherapy, brain stimulation),” said Brian…

Anesthesiology

Postoperative Desaturation And Bradypnea After General Anesthesia

Respiratory depression following general anesthesia, presenting as desaturation and bradypnea, is common during the early postoperative period. Analysis of anesthesia related closed claims demonstrated that delayed detection of bradypnea, resulting in desaturation, was a major cause of morbidity and mortality during and following procedures under general anesthesia. Ventilatory response Fifty percent of cases of respiratory…

Bhutan health

Spirituality and Religious Involvement: Promote Mental Health

Prevalence of common mental disorders (CMDs) in Bhutan was found to be higher; at 29.3 percent, 19 percent more than the Gross National Happiness Study; 2015 found. However, this was according to a cross-sectional secondary analysis of data of the same GNH study. The secondary data analysis by Gyambo Sithey et al published in the…

General Anesthesia

FDA Panel Backs Ketamine Based Treatment For Depression

A recent WebMD article reports that a special panel of experts assembled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration strongly endorsed a new drug to help patients with treatment resistant depression (a form of depression resilient to many anti-depressants). This new drug, named esketamine, also provides an unprecedented ability to take effect within days whereas others require months. Treatment options With…

general anesthesia

General Anesthesia Have Lasting Effects On The Developing Brains

A single hour of general anesthesia in early infancy longer than is necessary to perform the most common types of minor surgeries in childhood does not result in measurable underdevelopment or behavioral problems up to the age of 5 years, according to the first randomized trial of its kind involving 722 infants in seven countries,…