All news from Anaesthesiology

Universal Method For Detection Of Circadian State From Gene Expression

The first simple blood test to identify your body's precise internal time clock as compared to the external time has been developed by Northwestern Medicine scientists. The test, TimeSignature which requires only two blood draws can tell physicians and researchers the time in your body despite the time in the external world. For instance, even if it's 8 a.m. in the external world, it might be 6 a.m. in your body.

This is a much more precise and sophisticated measurement than identifying whether you are a morning lark or a night owl. They can assess a person's biological clock to within 1.5 hours Various groups have tried to get at an internal circadian time from a blood test, but nothing has been as accurate or as easy to use as TimeSignature.

Previously, measurements this precise could only be achieved through a costly and laborious process of taking samples every hour over a span of multiple hours. The study was published in the journal PNAS.

Intestinal Parasite Infections Minimized through Hygiene and Sanitation

Among 5,919 patients with symptoms of suggestive parasite infections, study found that at least 124 people suffer from intestinal parasite infection. The study conducted by officials of the Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital (JDWNRH) used samples of 5,919 patients between 2013 and 2015.

The samples collected were from the patients visiting JDWNRH with the symptoms of suggestive parasite infections. The study found that the overall prevalence rate was 2.1%.

Drug-Resistant Hypertension Patients Are Not Taking Medicines

A new research suggests that for about one in five people with what appears to be hard-to-treat, or resistant, high blood pressure, they simply aren't taking prescribed medications.

Risk Factors For Heart Attack

Drug-resistant hypertension appears to be on the rise and occurs when blood pressure remains above normal even after the patient has been put on three or more blood pressure medications. High blood pressure is a well-known risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, kidney disease, and other chronic conditions.

Mood Variations Decoded From Multi-Site Intracranial Human Brain Activity

By developing a novel decoding technology, a team of engineers and physicians at the University of Southern California (USC) and UC San Francisco have discovered how mood variations can be decoded from neural signals in the human brain, a process that has not been demonstrated to date. The study was published in Nature Biotechnology.

It is a significant step towards creating new closed-loop therapies that use brain stimulation to treat debilitating mood and anxiety disorders in millions of patients who are not responsive to current treatments.

Prevalence And Predictors Of Mental Health Diagnoses And Suicide Among College Students

For college-bound students and their families, the start of the school year can be a time of excitement and optimism, but a new study brings to light that the college years are also a time of increased risk of stressful events and a wide range of accompanying mental health challenges, including the risk of suicide. The study was published online today in Depression & Anxiety.

A study of more than 67,000 college students from across more than 100 institutions has found that while racial/ethnic, sexual or gender minorities are especially vulnerable, high rates for stress events, mental health diagnoses and the risk of suicide or suicidal thoughts were reported among all students surveyed.

New Tobacco Retailer Restrictions Has the Potential to Resuce Smoking, research shows

Changing the way tobacco is sold is a crucial step in achieving the Government's 2025 smoke-free goal, new University of Otago research suggests. If the Government prevented new retail outlets from selling tobacco while allowing existing retailers to continue selling tobacco until they closed or relocated, it could achieve a 50% reduction in tobacco outlets by 2032, the research just published in the medical journal Tobacco Control shows.