According to a WHO study, palliative care seeks to improve the quality of life of patients and families dealing with life-threatening illnesses by preventing and reducing psychosocial, and spiritual suffering through early identification, effective examination, and pain therapy. Pain experienced by children can adversely affect their growth and development. Pain is a major health problem for cancer patients and remains an unresolved problem. 

Cancer is caused by a group of abnormal cells that divide and spread rapidly and cannot be controlled. Cancer can spread to nearby tissues, and some cancer cells can rupture and migrate to distant places in the body through the blood and lymphatic system. Children with cancer require nursing support for issues related to pain, nutrition, weakness, infection, and hyperthermia. Among their symptoms, children commonly complain of pain

The goal of palliative care is to manage and overcome pain and other symptoms of cancer. As part of their treatment, palliative care offers cancer patients realistic hope of relief from pain. 

As a warning sign of trauma or disease, pain is a sensory and emotional experience that causes unpleasant effects and indicates tissue damage. According to the WHO, palliative care seeks to improve the quality of life of patients and families dealing with life-threatening illnesses by preventing and reducing physical, psychosocial, and spiritual suffering through early identification, effective examination, and pain therapy.

Where the family has responsibility for pain management, parental involvement is an essential element in caring for children with cancer. They found that parents regularly observe and evaluate the location and severity of pain experienced by their children, as the pain they feel will affect their quality of life. In the present study, mothers' experience of managing pain will be explored using a phenomenological approach, which helps to deepen understanding of the meaning of life experiences arising from a given event.

This study showed that children always felt pain even though their parents used a variety of strategies for overcoming the pain. One of the participants who screamed a lot because of the pain even though the mother had done various efforts in overcoming the pain felt by the child. To improve the quality of palliative nursing care in children, it is required to develop a curriculum related to palliative care in children and to provide modules related to the dimension of pain, pain responses in children, and appropriate pain management in children.

This study on nursing practice implies that nurses need to examine the pain felt by children comprehensively using a pain scale instrument. Nurses need to teach parents to be more sensitive to their child's pain scale from facial changes, behavioral changes, and how to communicate with the baby. Nurses also provide age-appropriate interventions for existing symptoms.

Furthermore, nurses have an important role in encouraging parents to meet their spiritual needs, finding access to counseling professional to improve mother's knowledge. This study can be used as a reference to research the comparison of pain felt by children with chronic disease based on age level.