Thousands of worms are being flown to the International Space Station later this year for scientists to understand more about spaceflight-induced muscle loss the first UK experiment to take place on the International Space Station.
A team of scientists from Exeter, Nottingham and Lancaster Universities involved in this project hopes to discover more about muscle loss in space, which in turn could lead to developing effective therapies and new treatments for muscular dystrophies.
The research could also help boost our understanding of aging muscle loss and even help improve treatments for diabetes. It's part of an important project and the first UK experiment to take place on the International Space Station.
It's not every day that you hear of the potential health benefits of sending worms into space, but this crucial project which is also the first of its kind could lead to better treatment for muscular conditions for people on Earth as well as improving the wellbeing of our astronauts.
Along with our commitment through the modern Industrial Strategy to support our space sector to go from strength to strength, our world-leading research sector is consistently pushing the boundaries of existing knowledge for the benefit of all.
Spaceflight is an extreme environment that causes many negative health changes to the body and astronauts can lose up to 40% of their muscle after six months in space. These changes are regarded as an excellent model for the aging process in the body, and scientists can use the knowledge gained from studying changes in astronauts to understand the aging human body better.
Biological Changes In Space
The microscopic worms being used in the experiment, known as C. elegans, share many of the essential biological characteristics as humans and are affected by biological changes in space, including alterations to muscle and the ability to use energy.
At the molecular level, both structurally and metabolically they are highly similar to that of humans, and from a space flight specific perspective, they provide a lot of practical advantages. They are very small, quick to grow, cheap and easy to maintain. It makes them good to work with.
Molecular Muscle Experiment
The Molecular Muscle Experiment is the first UK-led experiment to take place on the International Space Station. UK scientists can carry out this research thanks to the UK Space Agency's subscriptions to the European Space Agency's exploration programme, which contributes to the costs of the International Space Station, which the UK joined in 2012.
Spaceflight represents the accelerated human model of the aging condition and so, hopefully, by understanding the molecular changes it may provide the opportunity to understand human aging on earth.
This is the first of many exciting experiments heading to the International Space Station from the UK, thanks to our contributions to ESA. The Molecular Muscle Experiment will provide knowledge that will benefit our understanding of muscle aging and help to improve life on Earth.