Dr. Eve Feinberg, assistant professor of reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and a practicing OB-GYN at Northwestern Medicine, said she believes the decline in the birth rate is driven by a combination of people waiting longer to have children, the cost of infertility treatment and the economy

The U.S. fertility classifies slackened to a distance low for the alternate year in a row, federal officials rounded up on 17th May 2018. The number of babies being born in the United States continues to fall, with the birth rate reaching a new record low in 2017, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Last year, about 3.8 million babies were born in the U.S., which is 2 percent lower than the number born in 2016, and the lowest recorded number of births in 30 years, according to the report.

The decline in the U.S. birth rate from 2016 to 2017 was the largest single-year drop since 2010, the researchers wrote in the report, which was published today (May 17).

Part of the reason for the decline in U.S. birth rates may be that people are in a general state of economic uncertainty. Even though the Great Recession technically ended in 2009, people may still feel uneasy about their economic situation; they may be employed but working part-time, or going to school and working, or trying to pay off student loans, Guzzo said. 

In addition, young adults may feel like they haven't met all the milestones they feel they need to reach before having a kid, such as getting a college degree, having a stable income and getting married. "It takes longer to feel like you're a grown-up,

"We see a huge increase in infertility when women wait a little longer to have children," Feinberg said. "It becomes much harder for a woman in her late 30s or early 40s to have kids, and there are barriers to accessing infertility care. Infertility treatment costs are more expensive and insurance doesn't always cover it."

Only 15 states have mandated infertility health care coverage, and insurance coverage in those states is not always comprehensive, Feinberg said.

Economy Factor

"The cost of raising children has increased exponentially," Feinberg said. "I hear a lot of couples say they used to want to have, say, three kids but now with the cost of education, they only want to have two kids to maximize their resources and provide more for fewer children."

Feinberg also has heard patients say they're waiting to have children until they're older because they are either trying to advance their career or they need more time to feel more financially secure.