There are more than 3 million breast cancer survivors in the U.S., with more than 1 in 8 American women forecasted to face the disease during their lifetime. But what can a woman do to reduce her risk of developing breast cancer or prevent a recurrence?
According to Dr Susan Tannenbaum, chief of oncology at UConn Health's Carole and Ray Neag Comprehensive Cancer Center, good nutrition, diet, and exercise are the key ingredients to achieving a healthier you to help prevent the disease from returning after breast cancer treatment or to prevent it from developing in the first place.
"If you can lower your risk factors for breast cancer, which are mostly the same ones for preventing cardiovascular disease, it's huge for your chances of cancer prevention," said Tannenbaum.
"We must return to basics and follow a daily prescription of a healthy diet and exercise to prevent cancer," said Tannenbaum. According to the American Institute for Cancer Research, the top 10 ways to prevent cancer are:
1. Maintain a healthy weight by being as lean as possible.
2. Move more and for at least 30 minutes every day.
3. Eat well, and avoid sugary drinks.
4. Enjoy a plant-based diet of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
5. Reduce red meat, and avoid processed meats.
6. Cut down on alcohol, and if women drink any alcohol at all, they should limit their intake to one drink a day.
7. Eat less salt and fewer sodium-processed foods.
8. If you can, breastfeed your baby for up to six months.
9. Don't use supplements.
10. After treatment, cancer survivors should follow cancer prevention recommendations.
Additionally, Tannenbaum recommended:
1. Don't smoke or chew tobacco.
2. Check in with your primary care physician regularly, and perform breast self-exams monthly.
3. Live a healthy lifestyle; remember, everything in moderation.
4. Avoid excess sun exposure.
5. Get enough sleep, but not too much.
Only take vitamin supplements, like vitamin D or calcium, if you have a confirmed deficiency. Make sure you are not on medications that you could avoid taking simply through enhanced diet and exercise.
"There is a lot of evidence that demonstrates the benefits of both plant-based foods and exercise to prevent cancer, and to prevent recurrence in survivors," said Kerry Coughlin, a registered dietitian at UConn Health's Neag Comprehensive Cancer Center who is a board-certified specialist in oncology nutrition.
UConn Health's oncology nutritionists work closely with the patients and the caregivers, advising on the nutritional needs before, during, and after the cancer therapy.