The study find that the Patients with type 2 diabetes improve their ability to regulate blood sugar levels if they eat food with a reduced carbohydrate content and an increased share of protein and fat. This is shows by a recent study conduct at Bispebjerg Hospital in collaboration with, among other partners; Aarhus University and the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports at the University of Copenhagen. The findings are contrary to the conventional dietary recommendations for type 2 diabetics.
The Patients with type 2 diabetes
Nutritional therapy is important to treat the type 2 diabetes optimally; but the recommendations are unclear. According to the Danish Health Authority, up to 85% of newly diagnose patients with type 2 diabetes are overweight; and they are typically advise to follow a diet focuse on weight loss: containing less calories than they burn, low fat content and a high content of carbohydrates with a low ‘glycaemic index’ (which indicates how quickly a food affects blood sugar levels).
A central aspect in the treatment of type 2 diabetes is the patient’s ability to regulate their blood sugar levels; and new research now indicates that a diet with a reduced carbohydrate content and an increased share of protein and fat improves the patient’s ability to regulate his or her blood sugar levels compared with the conventional dietary recommendations. In addition; it reduces liver fat content and also has a beneficial effect on fat metabolism in type 2 diabetics.
Protein and fat improves
The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of the diet without ‘interference’ from a weight loss. For that reason; the patients were asked to maintain their weight. Our study confirms the assumption that a diet with a reduced carbohydrate content can improve patients’ ability to regulate their blood sugar levels – without the patients concurrently losing weight. Our findings are important; because we’ve removed weight loss from the equation. Previous studies have provided contradictory conclusions; and weight loss has complicated interpretations in a number of these studies.”
Senior consultant, DMSc Thure Krarup, MD, Department of Endocrinology, Bispebjerg Hospital Based on the growing body of evidence, we might rethink the dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes, stresses Thure Krarup: “The study shows that by reducing the share of carbohydrates in the diet and increasing the share of protein and fat, you can both treat high blood sugar and reduce liver fat content. Further intensive research is needed in order to optimise our dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes,” says Thure Krarup, stressing that the findings should be confirmed in large-scale, long-term controlled trials.