All news from Aviation Medicine & Aerospace Medicine

Cancer cells

Researchers Found Over 80% Of Cancer Cells In Zero Gravity Conditions

Australian researchers are planning to send cancer cells to space; after initial research on Earth suggests microgravity has a remarkable effect on cancer cells. “A lot of people around me started getting cancer; and that really motivated me to investigate cancer cells,” Joshua Chou, biomedical engineering researcher at University of Technology Sydney, told DW, saying…

Anxiety

US Teens At Higher Risk Of Anxiety, Depression

Puerto Rican teens growing up as minorities in the South Bronx are more likely to experience anxiety; and depression than their peers growing up as a majority in Puerto Rico; even under similar conditions of poverty, says a new study in World Psychiatry. Researchers looked at nearly 2,000 Puerto Rican youth over two decades to…

Potential Biomarker For A Debilitating Fainting Condition

Potential Biomarker For A Debilitating Fainting Condition

Study identifying first potential biomarker for a debilitating fainting condition; study suggesting postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, or POTS, is an autoimmune disorder; and may help pave the way for a simple blood test that could help physicians diagnose the condition. POTS is characterized by large increases in heart rate and sometimes decreases in blood pressure…

Geriatrics

Intergenerational Relationships Promote Aging Immigrants

The researches find that the traditional value of caring for one’s elders is central to the Chinese concept of family; and has long shaped intergenerational relationships; daily life, and well-being, for older Chinese adults. Therefore The intersection of Eastern values and Western norms, however, can alter cultural beliefs across generations and negatively impact aging Chinese…

Medial genetics

Mutations Linked With Sensitivity Or Resistance To Immunotherapy

Th study find that the the relationship between gene alterations and response to anti-PD-L1 with and without anti-CTLA-4 are not well characterize. Dr. N. Rizvi from Columbia University Medical Center in New York today presented an update from the Phase III MYSTIC study that showed poorer outcomes across treatment arms in patients with metastatic non-small…

Stress

New Research Shows How Stress Can Weaken Defenses

Research from the lab of Mark Alkema, Ph.D., professor of neurobiology; sheds light on how the “flight-or-flight” response impairs long-term organism health. The study, conducted in the nematode worm, C. elegans, a common research model; was published in Nature. When humans perceive a dangerous or stressful situation, the body releases stress hormones such as adrenalin.…

Vaginal Microbiota

Team Develops Donor Screening For Vaginal Microbiota Transplantation

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have taken the first step towards trials of vaginal microbiota transplantation (VMT). Inspired by the success of fecal transplantation, it is hoped that transplants of vaginal fluids from healthy donors will provide the first restorative, curative treatment for bacterial vaginosis. Published in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology; the team’s donor…

Antibiotics May Reduce The Effectiveness Of The Flu Vaccine

Antibiotics May Reduce The Effectiveness Of The Flu Vaccine

A new study in healthy adults suggests that antibiotics; may reduce the effectiveness of the flu vaccine. The depletion of gut bacteria by antibiotics appears to leave the immune system less able to respond to new challenges, such as exposure to previously unencountered germs or vaccines. This is the first demonstration of the effects of…

Mobile Phone Can Be Efficient Tool In Managing Uncontrolled Asthma

Mobile Phone Can Be Efficient Tool In Managing Uncontrolled Asthma

A study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet shows that a treatment adjustment algorithm based on lung function and symptoms in a mobile phone can be an efficient tool in managing uncontrolled asthma. For fuss-free measuring of lung function, the phone connects to a wireless spirometer and the app can register respiratory symptoms and provide visual feedback on treatment. The study…

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Approaches Improve Diagnostics Of Kidney Disease

Two new studies reveal that modern machine learning a branch of artificial intelligence; in which systems learn from data, identify patterns; and make decisions may augment traditional diagnostics of kidney disease. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of JASN. Pathologists often classify various kidney diseases on the basis of visual assessments of biopsies from…