All news from Orthopaedics

Carbon dioxide

Bone Prepared With Carbon Dioxide Gas In Total Knee Arthroplasty

Tourniquetless total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is experiencing resurgence in popularity due to potential pain control benefits. Furthermore, optimal cement technique and implant fixation remain paramount to long-term cemented TKA success; as aseptic loosening continues to be a leading cause of revision. The purpose of this study is to determine how tourniquet use and/or novel bone…

Apple Smart Devices To Identify Alzheimer's Disease

Eyes Role Of Apple Smart Devices To Identify Alzheimer’s Disease

A study conducted by Evidation Health on behalf of Eli Lilly and Apple suggests that data collect from smart devices and digital apps might help speed up the diagnosis of early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. The study, “Developing Measures of Cognitive Impairment in the Real World from Consumer-Grade Multimodal Sensor Streams,” was performed in order…

Mutations In MAP Kinase Promote The Growth Of Benign Lung Tumors

Mutations In MAP Kinase Promote The Growth Of Benign Lung Tumors

Scientists have shown exactly how mutations in two different genes coordinate to drive the development of malignant lung tumors, according to a new report in the open-access journal eLife. The study in novel genetically engineered mice look at the characteristics of lung tumors from when they are invisibly small to when they are larger and potentially…

Adults With Cerebral Palsy Develop Chronic Respiratory Disease

Adults With Cerebral Palsy Develop Chronic Respiratory Disease

Adults with cerebral palsy are about twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease and chronic respiratory disease compare to adults without cerebral palsy, according to a new study led by RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland) and Brunel University London. The study compared 1,700 adults with cerebral palsy and 5,000 adults without cerebral palsy…

Blood Pressure

Early Life Environment May Lead To High Blood Pressure In Children

Where a mother lives and the temperature outside while she is pregnant; among other environmental factors, can impact whether her child is prehypertensive or hypertensive during childhood; according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Only in recent years have studies begun to link these risk factors to prehypertensive…

Cancer cells

Space Can Kill Majority Of Cancer Cells Without The Need Of Drugs

An Australian scientist are looking into such matters through simulation studies here on Earth; and with early indications that space can kill off the majority of cancer cells; without the need for drugs, is now preparing to launch his experiments toward the International Space Station for further investigation. There are quite a few studies that…

Testosterone Therapy For Women With HSDD

Testosterone Therapy For Women With HSDD

The Endocrine Society and 10 other internationally esteemed medical societies have today issued the first Global Position Statement on the use of testosterone in the treatment of women. The statement was published in four leading international medical journals; also has author by a diverse team of leading experts based around the world. It follows years…

Geriatrics

Signal Blocks Stem Cell Division In The Geriatric Brain

The researches find that the division of stem cells and blocks the production of new neurons in the hippocampus of the adult brain. Notch2 signaling maintains high levels of Id4 in some neural stem cells, and thereby explains why these stem cells increasingly enter a state of rest in the adult and geriatric brain. As…

Fish oil supplements

Dietary Fish Oil Supplements Promote Heart Health

Approximately 19 million people in the U.S. take fish oil supplements; many in the hopes of preventing heart disease despite the absence of reliable evidence that such supplements (also called omega-3 fatty acid supplements) prevent cardiovascular disease; and its serious consequences. To the contrary, all studies of fish oil supplements conducted to date have failed…

Gastroenterology

Enzyme Induced By Stress Associated With Liver Cancer Growth

The researches find that the enzyme induced by stress to help reduce production of damaging free radicals is also used by liver cancer to regulate two major cell proliferation pathways that enable the cancer to thrive, scientists report. They’ve also found that when they block the enzyme Nqo1, it dramatically reduces the proliferation of liver…

Bacteria Attacking Phages Could Provide Clues To Antibiotic Resistance

Bacteria Attacking Phages Could Provide Clues To Antibiotic Resistance

The bacteria attacking phages could provide clues to antibiotic resistance; In fact that army bacteria-attacking viruses known as phages outnumber bacteria nearly ten-fold; making them the most abundant biological entity on earth. They are intricately adapted to invading; weakening and controlling their targets; then keeping them alive long enough to feed off them and use…

Palliative Care Before Euthanasia

Australians Want To Fix Palliative Care Before Euthanasia

Regional Western Australians want palliative care fixed before the introduction of euthanasia, a poll of almost 2000 voters in the North West and Wheatbelt has revealed. The research, which was commissioned by a group of doctors, lawyers and health professionals called the End of Life Choices Working Group, has found only one person out of…