All news from Tropical Medicine

Antigenic Diversity To Generate Persistent Strain Structure

Antigenic Diversity To Generate Persistent Strain Structure

The dynamic arms race between hosts; and pathogens sets the stage for a selective advantage of rare variants; that confer either immune protection to hosts or immune escape to pathogens and a corresponding disadvantage of common ones. This frequency dependent effect can act as a form of balancing selection and is a powerful force promoting…

Nuclear medicine

Treatment Assessment of Tuberculosis Achieved with PET/CT

The researches find that the 18F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) can evaluate tuberculosis at the molecular level, effectively identifying diseased areas and guiding treatment for patients. According to the World Health Association, tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Although the disease is curable and preventable; in areas with high…

Testing Cancer Drug Efficacy And Toxicity In Human On A Chip Model

Testing Cancer Drug Efficacy And Toxicity In Human On A Chip Model

The initial determination of efficacy at the same time can currently only be done at the preclinical stage in animals; and animal models are not always a good guide to how a drug will perform in humans; A reconfigurable “body-on-a-chip” model could transform drug development by simultaneously measuring compound efficacy and toxicity; for both target…

Huntington's disease

Huntington’s Disease: Associated With Two Specific Neural Signature

Researchers from the Cognition and Brain plasticity group of Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL); and the Institute of Neurosciences of the University of Barcelona (UBNeuro); with the collaboration of Radboud University in the Netherlands; have identify two specific patterns of cerebral disorders underlying two clinical profiles of Huntington’s disease.  The study, publish in Neuroimage: Clinical;…

New Multiple Myeloma Imaging Guidelines

New Multiple Myeloma Imaging Guidelines

The IMWG team recommends that this more sophisticated technique and others; including PET-CT (positron emission tomography) and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) be introducing generally into clinical practices; newer imaging techniques are upgrading detection of the disease; leading to earlier treatment by new multiple myeloma imaging guidelines. The guidelines are basing in part on an examination…

Human Immune System Help Research Into Cancer And Infections

Human Immune System Help Research Into Cancer And Infections

By using mice with a transplanting human immune system; to study functions in the immune system which are otherwise particularly difficult to study. The method could turn out to be important in further research into cancer; HIV and autoimmune diseases. The immune system’s convoluting response when it meets serious diseases; but can not give trial…

General medicine

Popcorn as a Snack Healthy Hit or Dietary Horror

The researches find that the Popcorn, with its ample dietary fiber and typically low calorie count, makes it easy to understand why many people think a giant bucket at the movie theater qualifies as a healthy snack. But be careful before you start scooping handfuls into your mouth as the opening credits roll; not all popcorn is…

Bone Infections

Injectable Hydrogel Offers Double Punch Against Bone Infections

Surgery prompted by automobile accidents, combat wounds, cancer treatment; and other conditions can lead to bone infections that are difficult to treat and can delay healing until they are resolve. Now, researchers have a develop a double-duty hydrogel that both attacks the bacteria; and encourages bone regrowth with a single application containing two active components.…

IVF

European Pregnancy Rates From IVF And ICSI Increase

The annual data collect by ESHRE from European national registries (for 2016) show rise; in the cumulative use of IVF in the treatment of infertility; although success rates after IVF or ICSI appear to have reach a peak; with pregnancy rates per start treatment calculate at 27.1% after IVF and 24.3% after ICSI. The figures,…

Turmeric Compounds Stops Cancer Cell Growth

Turmeric Compounds Stops Cancer Cell Growth

Present young patients with bone cancer are often treating with high doses of chemotherapy before and after surgery; many of which have harmful side effects. Thus study developing a drug delivery system using curcumin; the main ingredient in the spice turmeric; that successfully inhibits bone cancer cells while promoting growth of healthy bone cells. The…

Hematology

Promising Approach Repairs System of Blood Vessels

The researches find that the Following a stroke; antibodies that inhibit the signaling molecule Nogo-A can help repair blood vessels in the affected brain regions. This also promotes the regaining of motor functions, researchers at the University of Zurich have shown in a mouse model. The study opens up new avenues for treatment. Repair blood…

ELISA

Redesigning ELISA Simplifies Process, Reduces Cost

ELISA; Scientists took a common, yet laborious lab test and redesign it to be performed; but in small 3D printed pipette tips used to measure and transfer fluids in the laboratory. An ELISA is an Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay. It has been used for decades to test blood and other biological fluids for numerous substances and…