All news from Epidemiology

Epidemic

Measles Outbreak in Pacific Northwest Over

A measles outbreak that sickened more than 70 people, mostly children, in the Pacific Northwest is finally over even as the total number of cases nationwide continues to spike to near-record levels. Six weeks have passed without a new infection in southwest Washington state, where the outbreak began, said Dr. Alan Melnick, head of the…

Family medicine

Recommendations to Address Antibiotic Over-Use Problem

Antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest problems facing medicine today. A major threat comes from over-use of antibiotics in healthcare. A team of researchers from the University of Leicester has provided a set of recommendations about how to address the problem of antibiotic over-use. The research, led by Dr Carolyn Tarrant, Associate Professor in…

Immune haematology

Angiotensin Blockers Response to Cancer Immunotherapy

A research team led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has found that combining a specialized version of an anti hypertension drug with immune checkpoint blockers could increase the effectiveness of cancer immunotherapies.  As described in their report published in PNAS; the combination treatment significantly improved tumor response…

Health in Bhutan

Drugs and Alcohol in Bhutan

It is important to understand the correct situation of drugs and alcohol problem in Bhutan in order to formulate effective control mechanisms and to provide adequate treatment and rehabilitation services to the affected. Bhutan’s drugs abuse problem is less compared with that of other countries. It is estimated that less than 7% of youth abuse…

Blood Scandal

UK Opens Inquiry Into Tainted Blood Scandal That Killed 2400

A long-awaited inquiry is opening in Britain into how contaminated blood was use to treat thousands of people in the 1970s and ’80s, killing at least 2,400. Thousands of hospital patients – many of them hemophiliacs – were infected with HIV or Hepatitis C through tainted blood products, largely imported from the United States. Contaminated blood…

Marine world

Marine Macrolides With Antibacterial And Antifungal Activity

The marine world is rich in species and very diverse. Thus marine organisms are a source of many substances with biological activity; including cytotoxic and antimicrobial. According to Burja et al., it was that in the marine world, there are over 13,000 unique compounds. Important marine groups containing biologically active substances; including macrolides are, among…

General medicine

Food System Improvements Make It Easier To Eat Healthier

A science advisory from the American Heart Association describes system-wide innovations to the U.S. food system that are sustainable and have the potential to make it easier for consumers to choose healthy foods. The advisory is publish in the American Heart Association journal Circulation. Multiple levels the food industry “Innovation in the food system is…

Radiotherapy

Guideline on Adjuvant and Salvage Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

he American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the American Urological Association (AUA) today announced updates to their joint clinical guideline on adjuvant and salvage radiotherapy after prostatectomy in patients with and without evidence of prostate cancer recurrence to include new published research related to adjuvant radiotherapy. Society for Radiation Oncology The Adjuvant and Salvage…

Opioid Poisonings

Geographic Variation In Pediatric Deaths From Opioid Poisonings

A new study shines a light on pediatric opioid deaths by U.S. region; the first time a study of this nature has conducted. Findings from the study will presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2019 Meeting; taking place on April 24 – May 1 in Baltimore. “Although that nearly 10,000 children and adolescents died…

Nuclear medicine

The Lower Limbs During Walking Measured Using FDG-PET

This study aimed to elucidate whether muscle activity (in terms of glucose uptake) between the legs can be considered symmetrical during walking. Furthermore; we aimed to determine whether the [ 18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose is distribute heterogeneously throughout each muscle, and if so, whether areas of high uptake would be cluster. Ten healthy participants walked on a treadmill…

General surgery

knee Replacement Performance in England and Wales

The performance of different prosthetic implant combinations used in patients undergoing hip and knee replacements in England and Wales over the last 14 years have, for the first time, been directly compared in two new studies. The University of Bristol findings; published in the BMJ Open today, reveal substantial variability in the performance of different…

Blood Test

Predicting Heart Disease, Stroke Could Be As Easy As Blood Test

Imagine getting a simple blood test to help doctors predict your risk for having a heart attack or stroke. That test exists, and that scenario could become reality, according to a new study. The test often is use now to help hospital medical staff diagnose heart attacks in people who come in with chest pain…