All news from Virology

vaccine production

H3N2 Viruses Mutate During Vaccine Production

In late March 2019, the World Health Organization; and a vaccine advisory committee of the Food and Drug Administration; selected the final influenza strains; to include in the vaccines produced for the next flu season. These include H1N1, influenza B, and H3N2 viruses. The goal is to find the best match between the vaccine and…

Bacteria

Major Findings Help Understand Bacteria's 'Superglue'

A key factor in the establishment of infections by most bacterial pathogens is their adherence to host epithelial cells. However, Autotransporters (ATs) are the largest group of outer membrane and secreted proteins in bacteria; and play important roles in virulence; including promoting adhesion. So, ATs share a common domain organisation; consisting of a Sec-dependent signal sequence;…

Orthopedic surgery

Keeping Patients Safe During And After Orthopedic Outpatient

Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics also spelled orthopedics; is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma; spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders. Originally, the term orthopedics meant the correcting of musculoskeletal deformities in children. Nicolas…

Pancreatic Cancer

EGLN Inhibitor Improves Survival In Pancreatic Cancer

Administration of the EGLN inhibitor FG-4592 prior to ablative radiotherapy provided protection against fatal gastrointestinal bleeding and improved survival in a mouse model of unresectable pancreatic cancer. Journal in Which the Study was Published: Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research Author: Cullen Taniguchi, MD, PhD, assistant professor of radiation oncology at…

Taller children

Taller Children Have High Risk Of Developing Renal Cell Carcinoma

A study of more than 300,000 individuals in Denmark, presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow; Scotland (28 April-1 May), reveals that heavier and taller children are at greater risk than their average-sized peers of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as adults. RCC is the most common form of kidney cancer in…

Heart Healthy

Preschoolers Successful In Instilling Heart Healthy

Preschoolers in an underserved community who took part in a health promotion educational program aim at establishing health behaviors showed a 2.2-fold increase in knowledge, attitudes and habits compare to their classmates who did not take part in the program, according to a study publish today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.…

Taste Cells

The Sensors That Detect Odors In The Nose Also Taste Cells

Scientists from the Monell Center report that functional olfactory receptors, the sensors that detect odors in the nose, are also present in human taste cells find on the tongue. The findings suggest that interactions between the senses of smell and taste; so the primary components of food flavor, may begin on the tongue and not in the…

Gastroenterology

Bismuth Quadruple Therapy Best for H. Pylori Eradication

In settings where susceptibility data are hard to come by, 14 days of bismuth quadruple therapy is likely best for Helicobacter pylori eradication, researchers report. “With three guideline recommendations on H. pylori treatment coming out at around the same time, there may have been some confusion on which to follow,” Dr. Carlo A. Fallone from…

Pharmacology

Potential Drug to Treat Type 2 Diabetes in Children Announced

Results of a recently completed clinical trial of a potential drug to treat Type 2 diabetes in children were announced Sunday  at the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 meeting in Baltimore, Md. The New England Journal of Medicine also published the findings. Study coauthor Jane Lynch, M.D., FAAP, professor of pediatrics at UT Health San Antonio, said…

Consumption of caffeinated energy drinks

Caffeinated Energy Drinks Rises in The United States

According to a new study appearing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier, energy drink consumption in the United States has increased substantially over the past decade among adolescents, young adults, and middle-aged adults. Energy drink consumers had significantly higher total caffeine intake compared; with non-consumers and the beverages represented a majority of…

Anesthesiology

Ketamine to Unravel Rapid Function of Antidepressant Mechanisms

Ketamine is commonly used in emergency medicine as an anesthetic drug. Later it was discovered to have rapid-acting antidepressant effects, but the mechanisms by which ketamine alleviates depression are still unknown. Ketamine, however, may not be the only drug having rapid antidepressant effects. A small clinical trial published in 2015 suggests that another anesthetic, nitrous…

Mice born to fathers put on exercise regimen

Mice Born to Fathers Put on Exercise Regimen

Physical exercise is well known for its positive effects on general health; (specifically, on brain function and health), and some mediating mechanisms are also known. A few reports have addressed intergenerational inheritance of some of these positive effects; from exercised mothers or fathers to the progeny; but with scarce results in cognition. We report here…