All news from Orthopaedics

Carpal Arch

Investigation Of Sex Based Differences In The Carpal Arch

The carpal tunnel is formed by the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) at its volar boundary and the carpal bones at its medial, lateral, and dorsal boundaries. The tunnel serves as a passageway for the median nerve and digit flexor tendons. The median nerve is situat beneath the TCL and provides motor and sensory function to…

Contribution Of Non coding Mutations To Autism Risk

Contribution Of Non Coding Mutations To Autism Risk

Many mutations in DNA that contribute to disease are not in actual genes; but instead lie in the 99% of the genome once considered “junk”; Even though scientists have recently come to understand that these vast stretches of DNA do in fact play critical roles; deciphering these effects on a wide scale has been impossible…

Sports

Guidance Updated for Sports Physicals

Updated guidance for the sports physical examination includes expand sections on female athletes and athletes with disabilities and a new section on transgender athletes. The recommendations also include information on legal and ethical issues regarding these exams. The publication, “Preparticipation Physical Evaluation (PPE) Monograph, 5th Edition; which was jointly produced by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American…

Sri Lanka

Time Series Analysis In The Health Division of Sri Lanka

Dengue has become a major public health problem in Sri Lanka with a considerable economic burden. As a response, in June, 2014, the Ministry of Health initiated a proactive vector control programme; but in partnership with military and police forces, known as the Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) programme; that was target at high-risk Medical Officer of Health (MOH)…

Radio diagnosis

Ultrasound ‘Lung Comets’ Reveal Subclinical Congestion

The researches find that the lung ultrasound (LUS) examinations, which show likely subclinical pulmonary congestion; in outpatients with heart failure (HF). therefore The blinking appearance of “B lines” on LUS images, an artifact cause by echo differences between tissue and accumulated fluid; is a confirmed diagnostic and prognostic indicator of congestion. More B lines; But…

Reasons For Delay In Pelvic Organ Prolapse Revealed

Reasons For Delay In Pelvic Organ Prolapse Revealed

Pelvic organ prolapse is very common – affecting about 40 per cent of women over 40 years of age. It occurs when pelvic organs; the bladder, bowel or womb – descend into the vagina, causing distressing symptoms that adversely affect quality of life. The condition often causes pain and discomfort, incontinence, sexual difficulties and psychological…

Emergency Room

Hospitals Fall Short In Teaching Fall Prevention To Departing Patients

Falls are a leading cause of hospitalizations and emergency room visits among older adults; but until now, little was known about the relationship between falls and hospital readmissions. A new University of Michigan study found that in people 65 or older, fall relate injuries within a month of hospital discharge rank as high as the…

Air Pollution leads to birth defects

Air Pollution Linked To High Risks For Birth Defects

A study came from the Texas A&M University researchers that shows that the harmful particulate matter present in the atmosphere due to air pollution could lead to birth defects and even still births during pregnancy. They used animal models to prove their theories. The study results were published in the latest issue of the journal Proceedings…

Pneumococcal Disease

Blocking The Spread Of Pneumococcal Disease

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have reduced transmission of pneumococci; in mice using an experimental vaccine that targets proteins on the surface of the bacteria. The research appears online today in the journal Cell Host & Microbe. The results suggest a possible strategy for eliminating Streptococcus pneumoniae(pneumococcus); with combination vaccines that block bacterial transmission and prevent…

Aviation medicine

Emergency Medicine in Helicopters

The researches find that the a specialised air ambulance service started by two doctors trained in the U.K., has announce plans to launch its Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) in India which will be made available to seriously injured road accident victims free of cost. Therefore The company is talking to various States to roll…

New Legislation

The New Legislation Restricts Abortion Once “Cardiac Activity”

Last week the US state of Georgia passed abortion laws that wind back some of the hard-fought reproductive; rights won through America’s landmark abortion case Roe v Wade. The new legislation restricts abortion once “cardiac activity” can be detect. Since this usually occurs at around six weeks of pregnancy at which point many are unaware…

Pharmacology

Unexpected Survival Mechanism of a Subset of Cancer Cells

The study find that the the ends of chromosomes are structures called telomeres, which in normal cells ;become shorter as cells divide. Progressive shortening triggers cell proliferation arrest or death. Therefore Cancer cells; adopt different strategies to overcome this control mechanism that keeps track of the number of times that a cell has divide. Because…