All news from Orthopaedics

Fracture Risk Tool

Fracture Risk Tool Useful In Women With Breast Cancer

The fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) was developed to predict an individual’s 10‐year probability; of major osteoporotic fracture and hip fracture from readily assessed clinical risk factors (age, sex, body mass index [BMI]; dichotomized risk factors comprising prior fragility fracture, parental history of hip fracture, current tobacco smoking, ever use of long‐term oral glucocorticoid use,…

Bio Physics

Microfluidic Device Simplifies Study Of Blood Cells

The new micro-device for fluid analysis will enable more tailored experiments in drug development ; and disease research via new ‘organ-on-chip’ systems. And also development and disease contamination testing and medical diagnosis in natural disaster zones, where its low cost; simple use and portability make it a practical tool almost anyone use. A simple innovation…

Transplant Patients

Rehabilitate Damage Lungs Could Benefit Many Transplant Patients

A new technique to rehabilitate lungs that are too damage to consider for transplant which benefit an increasing population of patients with end-stage lung disease. About 80% of the already limit supply of donor lungs are too damage to be consider for transplantation, according to senior author Matthew Bacchetta, MD, MBA, MA, associate professor of…

Maternal obesity

Obesity In Early Pregnancy Linked To Pregnancy Complications

Despite the substantial progress in maternal and child health over the past few decades; there remain concerns about stillbirth and neonatal and infant death; particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Approximately 2.7 million stillbirths and 3.6 million neonatal deaths occur each year worldwide, 98% of which are in low- and middle-income countries. As an upper-middle-income…

Mortality Rates

Hospital Culture Of Openness Linked To Lower Mortality Rates

The diffusion of a culture of openness in hospitals is associate with lower hospital mortality, according to a study conduct among 137 acute trusts in England by Veronica Toffolutti (Bocconi University and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) and David Stuckler (Bocconi University) published in Health Affairs. The number of deaths Mortality rate, or death…

Huntington disease

Lowers Levels Of Toxic Protein That Causes Huntington Disease

An international clinical trial has found that a new drug for Huntington disease is safe and that treatment; with the drug successfully lowers levels of the abnormal protein that causes the debilitating disease in patients. In a study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine; researchers from UBC and their colleagues have demonstrated for…

Athletes

What Makes Athletes Report Or Hide Concussion Symptoms?

Whether or not an NCAA Division I athlete is likely to report concussion symptoms depends on factors including their vested interests, their understanding of health implications, and their team culture and societal influences drawn from narratives of performance circulating in media, according to a study publish May in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Steven Corman…

Lung Injury

KAIST Research Team Finds Cause Of Sepsis Induce Lung Injury

A KAIST research team succeeded in visualizing pulmonary microcirculation and circulating cells in vivo with a custom-built 3D intravital lung microscopic imaging system. They found a type of leukocyte called neutrophils aggregate inside the capillaries during sepsis induce acute lung injury (ALI), leading to disturbances and dead space in blood microcirculation. According to the researchers,…

Maternal Diet

Link Between Maternal Diet Rich In Nuts And Child's Neurodevelopment

Nuts are known to help reduce the risk of hypertension, oxidative stress; diabetes and they may exercise a protective effect against cognitive decline in older age. To this list of beneficial health effects; they can now add new evidence from a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal); an institute supported by…

Global Malaria

Global Malaria Spending $2 Billion Short Of WHO Target

A first-of-its-kind study reveals malaria spending in 2016 totaled $4.3 billion globally; far short of the annual funding target of $6.6 billion set by the World Health Organization. “A persistent challenge remains as funds are stagnating,” said Dr. Joseph Dieleman; a senior author on the study, health economist, and assistant professor at the Institute for…

Sugar-sweetened beverages

UK Sugar: Most Effective Tactic For Childhood Obesity

A new study has concluded that children who consume sugar-sweetened beverages; are no more likely to have a higher body mass index (BMI); than children who do not. This is in contrast to previous research suggesting that children; who prefer soft drinks to water are at a higher risk of obesity. The researchers suggest that…

Transfusion medicine

More Tiny 'Cargo Packets' to Deliver Cellular Aging Therapies

Johns Hopkins scientists report that adult cells reprogrammed to become primitive stem cells, called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), make tiny “cargo packets” able to deliver potentially restorative or repairing proteins, antibodies or other therapies to aged cells. They say the human iPSCs they studied produced much more of the packets; formally known as extracellular…