All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Electronic Vapor Products

Few U.S. Adults Use USB-Shaped Electronic Vapor Products

About 7.9% of U.S. adults reported ever use of electronic vapor products (EVPs) shaped like universal serial bus (USB) flash drives in 2018, according to a study published online April 25 in Tobacco Control. Kristy L. Marynak, M.P.P., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues examined data from the…

ICU Patients

Controlled Paralysis Do Not Improve Survival Of ICU Patients With ARDS

Reversibly paralyzing and heavily sedating hospitalized ICU Patients with severe breathing problems do not improve outcomes in most cases, according to a National Institutes of Health-sponsor clinical trial conduct at dozens of North American hospitals and led by clinician scientists at the University of Pittsburgh and University of Colorado schools of medicine. The trial which…

RNA Viruses

The Replication of World’s Deadliest Human RNA Viruses

Viruses are masterful invaders. They cannibalize host cells by injecting their genetic material; often making thousands of copies of themselves in a single cell to ensure their replication and survival. Some RNA viruses insert their genetic material as a single piece, while others chop it up into pieces. The latter are aptly named segmented viruses.…

Protein

Inhibition Of Protein May Prevent Spread Of Castration Resistant

Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have discover that blocking a specific protein, may be a promising strategy to prevent the spread of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Under the direction of BUSM’s Gerald V. Denis PhD, researchers have long studied a family of three closely related proteins, called BET bromodomain proteins, composed…

Cycling

Cycling Launches New Mental Health Strategy

British Cycling, criticized in the past for a “culture of fear,” announce on Wednesday a new mental health strategy that includes screening elite riders every six months. The launch coincides with Mental Health Awareness Week in Britain. Nigel Jones, head of medical services for the British cycling team, said in a statement that the strategy…

Pulmonary Patients

Physicians Provide Better Care For High Risk Pulmonary Patients

The new laboratory base method of estimating outcomes for patients with a severe pulmonary disorder that has no cure can help physicians better provide proper care, referrals, and services for patients at the end of life, according to a new study of more than 17,000 patients from Intermountain Healthcare. Hospitalization rates for patients The Laboratory…

Hospital

Lives Can Be Saved If All Hospitals Had Grade ‘A’ Rating

More than 50,000 lives could be save if all hospitals have an avoidable death rate equivalent to “A” grade hospitals, according to an update report prepare for The Leapfrog Institute. A teaching hospital combines assistance to people with teaching to medical students and nurses. The medical facility smaller than a hospital is generally a clinic.…

Epilepsy Patients

Epilepsy Patients Can Improve By Brain Network Activity

Successful epilepsy surgery can improve brain connectivity similar to patterns seen in people without epilepsy, according to a new study published in the journal Neurosurgery. The Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) study of 15 people with temporal lobe epilepsy is the first to show improvements in brain networks after surgery compared to a group of healthy subjects. Periods…

Dementia

Early Detection Method For Some Forms Of Dementia

Scientists might have found an early detection method for some forms of dementia, according to new research by the University of Arizona and the University of Toronto’s Baycrest Health Sciences Centre. According to the study published in the journal Neuropsychologia last month, patients with a rare neurodegenerative brain disorder called Primary Progressive Aphasia, or PPA, show…

Nuclear medicine

PET/CT in Suspected Salivary Gland Carcinoma

The study find that PET/CT -based diagnostic strategy adds decisive new information compare to conventional imaging in the evaluation of salivary gland tumours and the detection of cervical lymph node metastases; distant metastases; and synchronous cancer in patients with salivary gland carcinoma. Therefore Salivary gland carcinoma is an uncommon disease and represents only 3–5% of…

Hyperelastic Bone

3D Print Hyperelastic Bone May Help Generate New Bone

Defects of the skull and facial bones can pose difficult challenges for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. A synthetic material called hyperelastic bone readily produce by 3-D-printing; which offer a powerful new tool for use in reconstructing skull defects; so reports a study in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal…

Glioblastoma

New Molecule Drug An Effective Strategy To Treat Glioblastoma

Glioblastoma , the most common form of brain cancer, is a deadly disease for which there is no cure. Known for resistance to conventional treatments, such as the chemotherapy drug temozolomide; glioblastoma is the form of cancer that ultimately lead to the recent death of U.S. Senator John McCain. Glioblastoma is the most invasive and…