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ENT

Unilateral Optic Nerve Lesions in MS

Study find that the identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis; therefore according to a study published in the May issue of the Annals of Neurology. Optical Coherence Tomography is a non-invasive diagnostic technique that renders an in vivo cross sectional view of the retina. Because OCT utilizes a concept known as…

Male Postnatal Depression

People Fail To Recognise Male Postnatal Depression

A new study shows that people are almost twice as likely to correctly identify signs; of postnatal depression in women than in men. The research, published in the Journal of Mental Health and led by Professor Viren Swami of Anglia Ruskin University; involved 406 British adults aged between 18 and 70. The participants presented with…

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

FASD Prevalence Very High in Susceptible Groups

A major new review of the world literature has found that Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is 10 to 40 times higher in certain susceptible groups than the general population. These groups include children in care, people in correctional services or special education services; Aboriginal populations, and people using specialized clinical services. FASD is a…

Animal Intelligence

Rewards Might Mask Animal Intelligence

Rewards are frequently used to promote Animal Intelligence; but rewards may actually mask true knowledge; finds a new Johns Hopkins University study with rodents and ferrets. The findings, published May 14 in Nature Communications, show a distinction between knowledge and performance, and provide insight into how environment can affect the two. “Most learning research focuses…

Immune haematology

Regulatory T Cells Improve Cancer Therapies

The study find that immune system against cancer have made remarkable progress against certain types of tumors; therefore they still remain ineffective in most cancer patients. A new study from the Center for Immunology and Inflammatory Diseases (CIID) at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) describes a method of reprogramming the regulatory T cells that usually suppress…

Opioid use disorder

Ethnic Disparities In Access To Buprenorphine

Racial and ethnic minorities with opioid use disorder (OUD); have a significantly lower odds of receiving a prescription for buprenorphine compared with their white counterparts; new research shows. Investigators used two large databases that included 13.4 million outpatient visits in 2012-2015 to compare buprenorphine prescriptions; in white patients versus those of other races and ethnicities.…

Measles Outbreaks

A Computer Model Pinpoint Measles Outbreaks Occur

According to a analysis published on May 9 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal; a computer model pinpoint where measles outbreaks are likely to occur. The researchers accurately predicting some of the U.S.; but regions where measles might spread. Their predictions included counties in New York, Washington state and Oregon; but where measles outbreaks are…

Cancer Therapy

AI Model Uses Serial Imaging To Predict Lung Cancer Therapy

For patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), deep learning networks integrating compute tomography (CT) scans at multiple time points can improve clinical outcome predictions, according to a study published online April 22 in Clinical Cancer Research. Common cancers worldwide Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide; so the highest…

Gastroenterology

Fatty Liver Disease Hitting Latino Children

The Study find that  “Fatty liver disease is ripping through the Latino community like a silent tsunami and especially affecting children;” said Dr. Rohit Kohli, chief of gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition at CHLA. Recent research shows about 1 in 4 people in the U.S. have fatty liver disease. But among Latinos; especially of Mexican and…

Protruding Teeth

Protruding Teeth From Damage And Long-Term Consequences

Children with their first or early adult set of teeth that stick out have an increased chance of damaging them; but the risk can easily reduce without being prohibitively costly. A study was undertaken at the University of Adelaide of more than 50,000 children aged under; 19 years published in the journal Dental Traumatology; confirms a…

Cervical Cancer

Novel Study Discovers Metabolic Fingerprint To Prevent Cervical Cancer

Researchers at the University of Arizona have completed the first-of-its-kind study that could aid in the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of cervical cancer by identifying cervicovaginal metabolic signatures, or “fingerprints” that distinguish patients with HPV, pre-cancerous cervical conditions and cancer. An interdisciplinary team led by Melissa Herbst-Kralovetz, Ph.D., associate professor at the UA College of…

LED Light

Health Authority: LED Light Can Damage Eyes

The agency recommended in a 400-page report that the maximum limit for acute exposure revised; even if such levels are rarely in home or work environments. The report distinguished between acute exposure of high-intensity LED light, and “chronic exposure” to lower intensity sources. While less dangerous, even chronic exposure can “accelerate the ageing of retinal…