All news from Epidemiology

Hepatitis A Infections

Hepatitis A Infections Increases By 300%

The number of Americans infected with hepatitis A has grown nearly 300% in just three years, health officials reported Thursday. The staggering increase has come despite an effective vaccine and is seen mostly among drug abusers; and the homeless, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Therefore, Hepatitis A virus lingering in…

Tuberculosis

Faster And More Effective Drug Combinations For Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a potentially deadly though curable disease. Each year about 10 million people develop active cases, and 1.6 million people die. In addition, about 1.7 billion people around the world are infect with TB bacteria, which can lie dormant for weeks to years, then become active and cause disease in up to 10% of…

Chronic Malaria

Innovating Better Detection For Chronic Malaria

In people with chronic malaria, certain metabolic systems in the blood change to support a long-term host-parasite relationship, a finding that is key to eventually developing better detection, treatment and eradication of the disease, according to research published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight. Chronic infections, which often go undetected, account for about 75%…

General medicine

Sweetened Drink Sales Drop 38% After Beverage Tax

The researches find that  sweetened beverages drop by 38% in chain food retailers; according to Penn Medicine researchers who conduct one of the largest studies examining the impacts of a beverage tax. Because The results; publish this week in JAMA; Therefore  translate to almost one billion fewer ounces of sugary or artificially sweetened beverages about…

Obstructive sleep apnea

Sleep Apnea: Risk Of Postoperative Cardiovascular

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a themost common type of sleep-disordered breathing and is by cyclical alterations between pharyngeal collapse and arousals during sleep. Consequently, there are recurrent episodes of nocturnal hypoxemia; hypercapnia, endothelial dysfunction, hypercoagulability, and sympathetic overactivity. According to a new study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA); patients who…

Cell Carcinoma

Treatment Of Actinic Keratosis And Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) represents the most common cancer among white skinned people. The term NMSC refers to keratinocyte cancer and essentially to two types of cancer: basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). BCC is characterize by local tissue damage and seldom leads to metastatization while SCC can recur and metastasize. The…

Adults

Experts Advise Against Hormone Treatment In Adults

Thyroid hormones should not be routinely offered to adults with a mildly underactive thyroid gland (know as subclinical hypothyroidism) say a panel of international experts in The BMJ today. Their strong recommendation against hormone treatment is base on new evidence that it does not improve quality of life or symptoms including low mood and fatigue.…

Alcohol Advertising

Alcohol Advertising Have Long Term Effect On Alcohol Attitudes

Repeated exposure to alcohol advertising in sport—either at venues or during media coverage of matches; can have long-term effects on drinking attitudes, according to a new international study. Researchers from the Parisien Laboratory of Social Psychology, the University Grenoble of Alpes (France) and Monash University; found a positive and casual link between alcohol sponsorship and…

Doping

Doping: Good For Sport And Athletes

The World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) they prohibited list of substances is huge. Ph.D. candidate Jules Heuberger look at many of these, as well as at the methods used to detect them. They conclude that for very few of these substances is there is evidence that they actually do enhance performance. Ph.D. defence on 16…

Telomeres

Direct Oxidative Stress Damage Might Shorten Telomeres

The same sources thought to inflict oxidative stress on cells—pollution, diesel exhaust, smoking and obesity; also are associating with shorter telomeres, the protective tips on the ends of the chromosomal shoelace. A new study from the University of Pittsburgh, published today in Molecular Cell, provides the first smoking gun evidence that oxidative stress; acts directly…

Sclerotic bone diseases

Knowledge Of Focal And Sclerotic Bone Diseases

Osteosclerosis is a disorder that is by abnormal hardening of bone and an elevation in bone density. It may predominantly affect the medullary portion and/or cortex of the bone. Plain radiographs are a valuable tool for detecting and classifying osteosclerotic disorders. It can manifest in localized or generalized osteosclerosis. Localized osteosclerosis can by Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease,…

Emergency Department

Opioid Addiction Treatment In The Emergency Department

In a novel approach, Emergency Departments doctors at several teaching hospitals treat more than overdose symptoms. They start patients on the road to recovery. The high school student was soon hook on the drug and buying it on the street. Eventually her habit led her to heroin. It was a lot cheaper and I got…