All news from Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine

Cannabis Addiction

Cannabis Addiction Influenced By Genetic Makeup

Some people may be more genetically prone to cannabis addiction, finds a new UCL-led study. The researchers say their investigation of three genetic markers, published in Addiction Biology, could inform why some people become dependent of cannabis. “We were interesting in asking these genetic markers; could predicting addiction-related responses; after inhaling doses of cannabis, such as how…

HIV Infection

Immediate Treatment Initiation for HIV Infection

A new study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases found that immediate treatment initiation for HIV infection has improved since local and federal guidelines began to recommend universal treatment for all persons diagnosed with HIV, regardless of their disease stage. Despite notable improvements, nearly 25%  of New York City residents with a new HIV diagnosis in…

Multiple Sclerosis

New Diagnosis Recognizes Relapse of Multiple Sclerosis

Dr. Horea Rus is an expert in diagnosing and treating patients with multiple sclerosis; and his research laboratory at the University of Maryland is producing new tools; but for treating the disease that attacks the central nervous system. On Tuesday, Rus and former postdoc research fellow Cosmin Tegla; but were issued U.S. Patent 10,280,465 for…

Antibiotics

Maternal Infection: Preventative Antibiotics After Assisted Childbirth

Giving a single dose of preventative antibiotics to all women after childbirth involving forceps or vacuum extraction; could prevent almost half of maternal infections including sepsis equivalent to over 7,000 maternal infections every year in the UK, and around 5,000 in the USA. The first randomised trial of its kind in the UK involving 3,420…

Proteome

Proteome Affected By Both Sex And Diet In Animals

Scientists from EMBL Heidelberg have discovered that the collection of proteins in an animal cell; called the proteome is substantially affecting both the animal’s sex and its diet. Understanding these individual proteomes might provide a basis for personalized treatments for humans in the future. “The goal of the study was to understand whether different proteins;…

Heart Attack

Genetic Therapy Heals Damage Caused By Heart Attack

Researchers from King’s College London have find that therapy that can induce heart cells to regenerate after a heart attack. Myocardial infarction, more commonly known as a heart attack, cause by the sudden blocking of one of the cardiac coronary arteries, is the main cause of heart failure, a condition that now affects over 23…

The Flu Virus

Low Humidity Promotes Transmission Of The Flu Virus

Yale researchers have pinpointed a key reason why people are more likely to get sick; and even die from flu during winter months: low humidity. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Other authors are Eriko Kudo, Eric Song, Laura Yockey, Tasfia Rakib, Patrick Wong, and Robert Homer.…

Vitamin D

Does Sunscreen Compromise Vitamin D Levels In Skin

Sunscreen can reduce the sun’s adverse effects, but there are concerns that it might inhibit the body’s production of vitamin D. In a newBritish Journal of Dermatology study, however, investigators record an increase of vitamin D in participants during a week of cloudless weather, with very high UV index, even when sunscreens were usedproperly and…

Genitourinary malignant

Chemotherapeutic Agents For Human Bladder Cancer

In the US, bladder cancer is the second most frequent genitourinary malignant tumor and is a fatal disease. Most human bladder cancers belong to the category of transitional cell carcinoma, which can further divide into invasive and non-invasive bladder cancer. T2 and higher stages of muscle-invasive bladder cancer have a poor prognosis and a high…

Pulmonary Disease

Most Effective At Treating Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Multi center research project was to determine which of two drugs azithromycin, an antibiotic, or roflumilast, an anti inflammatory medication is the most effective at treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; which is also known as COPD. COPD, an umbrella term for a number of lung conditions that make it difficult for a person to breathe,…

Nursing Homes

Security Cameras Installed In Nursing Homes Is More Harm Than Good

People care for aging parents, one solution is a safe, responsible nursing home. But an increasingly common means of ensuring that safety security cameras install by relatives may do more harm than good, says Clara Berridge, an assistant professor of social work at the University of Washington. With reports of crimes against nursing home residents…

Tobacco Display

Tobacco Display Ban: Smoking Risk In Children

The risk of 11 to 16-year-olds taking up smoking has reduced following the introduction; of a ban on the open display of tobacco products in the UK; according to a new University of Stirling study. The research also found that for that age group, the implementation of the policy by reduced cigarette brand awareness; it…