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Anesthesiology

Effects Of Surgery On A Warming Planet: Anesthesia Go Green

It was early morning in an operating theater at Providence Hospital in Portland, Ore. A middle-aged woman lay on the operating table, wrapped in blankets. Surgeons were about to cut out a cancerous growth in her stomach. But first, an anesthesiologist  Dr. Brian Chesebro put her under by placing a mask over her face. “Now I’m…

Tumor cells

Detection And Treatment Of Advanced Brain Cancer

A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells from within the brain. There are two main types of tumors: cancerous (malignant) tumors and benign tumors. Cancerous tumors can divided into primary tumors, which start within the brain, and secondary tumors; which have spread from elsewhere, known as brain metastasis tumors. All types of brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary…

Geriatrics

Nursing Homes Aim to Protect The Present Ethical Dilemmas

For many people who care for aging parents, one solution is a safe, responsible nursing home. But an increasingly common means of ensuring that safety security cameras installed by relative may do more harm than good; says Clara Berridge, an assistant professor of social work at the University of Washington. Responsible nursing home With reports…

Autism spectrum disorder

Autism Diagnoses In Children As Young As 14 Months

Diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by trained professionals in children as young as 14 months are remarkably stable; suggesting that accurate screening and the earlier treatment is feasible. Growing evidence suggests ASD has its origins in prenatal life most likely during the first or second trimester of pregnancy; children begin to display symptoms of…

Family medicine

Patients of Medicare Providers Excluded for Fraud and Abuse

A new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health analyzed providers excluded from Medicare for fraud and abuse, and found that the patients they treated prior to being banned were more likely to be minorities, disabled and dually-enrolled in Medicaid to supplement financial assistance for health care. Health analyzed providers The findings;…

HIV Treatment

NDA for Once-Monthly Injectable HIV Treatment Submitted to FDA

The New Drug Application (NDA) for the long-acting injectable formulation of rilpivirine + cabotegravir; (Janssen and ViiV Healthcare) for patients with HIV-1 infection has been submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The NDA submission was based on data from 2 multicenter, open-label, parallel-group studies (ATLAS and FLAIR) which demonstrated that the 2-drug regimen administered by…

Drug Industry

Drug Industry Patents Go Under Senate Judiciary Committee’s Microscope

Congress isn’t making much headway in finding a solution to the problem of soaring prescription drug prices, but lawmakers from both parties are tinkering on the edges with legislation that aims to increase competition among drugmakers. A comprehensive piece of drug-pricing legislation is a high priority for Senate Finance Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley, (R-Iowa) and…

Radio daignosis

BI-RADS 3 Lesions Detected on High Risk Screening Breast MRI

When appropriate, short-interval follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to identify early stage breast cancer and avoid unnecessary biopsies; according to a study to be present at the ARRS 2019 Annual Meeting, set for May 5-10 in Honolulu, HI. Utilization of MRI for breast cancer screening continues to increase, as it is the most…

Skin Microbiome

Study Shows Skin Microbiome Imbalance Likely Behind Eczema Flareups

Team of researchers affiliated with multiple institutions across the U.S. has find a connection between a skin microbiome imbalance and eczema flareups. In their paper published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the group describes their study of the skin microbiome and the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, which has been associated with eczema. The human microbiome…

Blood Vessels

Cancer Cells: The Gaps To Spread Through Blood Vessels

Cancer cells may rely on opportunism, as well as chemical signaling, to spread through the body; according to new findings by mathematicians at the University of Birmingham. Cancer spreads by sending cells out from the primary tumor to travel through the vascular or lymphatic system; to colonize other organs in a process called metastasis. During…

Hand movements

Hand Movements: Language In A Noisy Environment

Hand movements (and not especially lip movements, as is often thought); are the best way to recognize language in noisy situations. The best solution is a combination of lip and hand movements. This is the conclusion of a study by a cognitive neuroscientist. A recognizable situation; in a busy café with a lot of background…

Radio therapy

Suspicious Lesions On Breast MRI In Neoadjuvant Therapy

During neoadjuvant chemotherapy, new suspicious findings detected on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during neoadjuvant therapy are most likely benign, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2019 Annual Meeting, set for May 5-10 in Honolulu, HI. The study was conducted to determine the frequency and outcomes of new suspicious lesions on breast MRI…