All news from Radiology/ Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy Helped Interior Designer Emily, 33, Beat Cancer

The day after giving birth to her first child, Emily Locking developed a tummy ache. Doctors reassured her there was nothing to worry about; Emily was a fit 33-year-old, and aches and pains are normal in the days following childbirth. They were equally reassuring about the rectal bleeding she’d had in pregnancy, blaming haemorrhoids swellings…

Oral Contraceptives

Oral Contraceptives May Protect Against Serious Knee Injuries In Women

Oral contraceptives may lower the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears in women, according to a large observational study involving over 165,000 female patients (aged 15-49), published in The Physician and Sportsmedicine journal. The study, analyzing a decade of prescription and insurance information from a large national US database, find that oral contraceptives were most…

Wound Healing

UVA Researchers Identify How Cancers Subvert Wound Healing Process

Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have shed light on how cancers hijack the body’s natural wound-healing response to grow and spread. The researchers have identify specific processes within endothelial cells the cells that line blood vessels that tumors use to build out their own blood supply. Tumor is not just a…

Clinical Trials

The Early Phase Clinical Trials For Cancer Patients

Scientists could help match cancer patients with no other treatment options to clinical trials with experimental medicines, by analysing the genetic faults in a sample of their blood, according to research published in Nature Medicine today. The researchers, funded by Cancer Research UK, The Christie Charity; AstraZeneca and the NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre (BRC); demonstrated…

Cirrhosis

Leukopenia In Patients With Autoimmune Hepatitis And Related Cirrhosis

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic self-perpetuating inflammatory liver disease by increased serum aminotransferase levels and autoantibodies; elevated serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration, lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the portal tract; interface hepatitis. Misdiagnosis or treatment failure can lead to liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver transplantation, and rapid death. The first-line treatment for AIH involves predniso(lo)ne as…

The mitochondrion

Mitochondria For Potential Treatment Of Blood Cancers

The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle in most eukaryotic organisms. Some cells in some multicellular organisms may, however, lack them (for example, mature mammalian red blood cells). A number of unicellular organisms, such as microsporidia, parabasalids, and diplomonads; have also reduced or transformed their mitochondria into other structures. A study at The University of…

Trans Fats

EU Curbs Trans Fats From 2021 To Boost Heart Health

The EU adopted a regulation on Wednesday to curb trans fat amounts in products like snack food as part of efforts to fight heart disease and strokes in Europe. Trans fat, also called trans unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, is a type of unsaturated fat that occurs in small amounts in nature, but became…

Transfusion medicine

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Improves Functional Outcome in Patients

In 20% to 30% of patients with lacunar strokes, early neurological deterioration (END) occurs within the first days after stroke onset. However; effective treatment strategies are still missing for these patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze efficacy of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients presenting with END. Effective treatment strategies Four hundred…

Opioid prescriptions

Opioid prescriptions: Relatively Rare In Medicaid-Enrolled Children

A new study describes trends in filled opioid prescriptions by patient and clinical characteristics for Medicaid-enrolled children. Findings from the study will present during the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2019 Meeting, taking place on April 24 – May 1 in Baltimore. “In this retrospective cohort study of Medicaid-enrolled children and young adults (1 to 21…

Opioid Overdoses

Fentanyl Could Help Reduce Opioid Overdoses

Opioid users fear accidental overdoses from street drugs laced with fentanyl; but unpredictable drug quality means they lack reliable strategies to avoid it; according to a team of researchers who suggest that fentanyl test strips may reduce overdose deaths. “The opioid crisis is one of the biggest issues in the United States right now,” said…

Eating Your Placenta

Mental Health Benefits To Eating Your Placenta

The placenta is a temporary organ that connects the developing fetus via the umbilical cord; to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination; gas exchange via the mother’s blood supply; to fight against internal infection; to produce hormones which support pregnancy. Placentas are a defining characteristic of placental mammals, but are also found in marsupials and some non-mammals with varying levels…